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Resume: LCFC & Tigers Season Ticket Holder with a thing for loud shirts and suede shoes. Musically loves Cash, The Clash, Classical and a lot of stuff in between.

Story=Apollo 13 is a movie starring Tom Hanks, Bill Paxton, and Kevin Bacon. NASA must devise a strategy to return Apollo 13 to Earth safely after the spacecraft undergoes massive internal damage putting the lives of the three astronauts
writer=William Broyles Jr
Gary Sinise

Απόλλων 131. Απόλλων 13 juin. Ce 91%cf 80%cf 8c ce bb ce bb cf 89%ce bd 13 kit. Ce 91%cf 80%cf 8c ce bb ce bb cf 89%ce bd 13 vs. Ce 91%cf 80%cf 8c ce bb ce bb cf 89%ce bd 13 6. Ce 91 cf 80 cf 8c ce bb ce bb cf 89 ce bd 13 karaoke. Απόλλων 132. Ce 91%cf 80%cf 8c ce bb ce bb cf 89%ce bd 13 17. YouTube. I liked this movie because it was based on real events. You could relate to the families involved in the mission and understand how they must have felt. Even though you know what's going to happen, it is still very suspenseful.

There were a lot of cool movie over the mega-box office summer of 1995. I think this is the best. I refer to it as something most people wouldn't call it. Thriller. It's like a pure thriller with very dramatic performances in it. So what if you know what happens in the end. It's the suspense that keeps this moving at the speed of a spaceship. The script is something else. So lines were kind of corny and didn't really need to be told. Like when Barbra Lovell wants to be a hippy for Halloween. Other than the script, this a thriller that keeps you interested because you can relate to the characters. It should have won more Academy Awards that it got. It also should have had more nominations.

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They could put a man on the moon in that era but yet they couldn't get any decent television images. Διαστημοπλοιο απολλων 13. Απόλλων 13 ans. 0:10 Mattingly was not on board. Ce 91%cf 80%cf 8c ce bb ce bb cf 89%ce bd 13 plus. Won 2 Oscars. Another 26 wins & 58 nominations. See more awards » Learn more More Like This Comedy | Drama Fantasy 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7. 3 / 10 X After wishing to be made big, a teenage boy wakes the next morning to find himself mysteriously in the body of an adult. Director: Penny Marshall Stars: Tom Hanks, Elizabeth Perkins, Robert Loggia Adventure Romance 7. 8 / 10 A FedEx executive undergoes a physical and emotional transformation after crash landing on a deserted island. Robert Zemeckis Helen Hunt, Paul Sanchez 7. 7 / 10 When a man with HIV is fired by his law firm because of his condition, he hires a homophobic small time lawyer as the only willing advocate for a wrongful dismissal suit. Jonathan Demme Denzel Washington, Roberta Maxwell Biography Crime The true story of Captain Richard Phillips and the 2009 hijacking by Somali pirates of the U. S. -flagged MV Maersk Alabama, the first American cargo ship to be hijacked in two hundred years. Paul Greengrass Barkhad Abdi, Barkhad Abdirahman An Eastern European tourist unexpectedly finds himself stranded in JFK airport, and must take up temporary residence there. Steven Spielberg Catherine Zeta-Jones, Chi McBride Action Mystery Thriller 6. 6 / 10 A murder inside the Louvre, and clues in Da Vinci paintings, lead to the discovery of a religious mystery protected by a secret society for two thousand years, which could shake the foundations of Christianity. Ron Howard Audrey Tautou, Jean Reno 7. 4 / 10 The story of Chesley "Sully" Sullenberger (Tom Hanks), an American pilot who became a hero after landing his damaged plane on the Hudson River in order to save the flight's passengers and crew. Clint Eastwood Aaron Eckhart, Laura Linney 6. 7 / 10 Harvard symbologist Robert Langdon works with a nuclear physicist to solve a murder and prevent a terrorist act against the Vatican during one of the significant events within the church. Ewan McGregor, Ayelet Zurer History 7. 6 / 10 During the Cold War, an American lawyer is recruited to defend an arrested Soviet spy in court, and then help the CIA facilitate an exchange of the spy for the Soviet captured American U2 spy plane pilot, Francis Gary Powers. Mark Rylance, Alan Alda 6. 8 / 10 A recently widowed man's son calls a radio talk-show in an attempt to find his father a partner. Nora Ephron Meg Ryan, Ross Malinger 6. 2 / 10 A detective must adopt a rambunctious dog in order to help him find a killer. Roger Spottiswoode Mare Winningham, Craig T. Nelson A mob enforcer's son witnesses a murder, forcing him and his father to take to the road, and his father down a path of redemption and revenge. Sam Mendes Tyler Hoechlin, Rob Maxey Edit Storyline Based on the true story of the ill-fated 13th Apollo mission bound for the moon. Astronauts Lovell, Haise and Swigert were scheduled to fly Apollo 14, but are moved up to 13. It's 1970, and The US has already achieved their lunar landing goal, so there's little interest in this "routine" flight.. until that is, things go very wrong, and prospects of a safe return fade. Written by Rob Hartill Plot Summary Plot Synopsis Taglines: Houston, we have a problem. See more » Details Release Date: 30 June 1995 (USA) Also Known As: Apollo 13: The IMAX Experience Box Office Budget: $52, 000, 000 (estimated) Opening Weekend USA: $25, 353, 380, 2 July 1995 Cumulative Worldwide Gross: $355, 237, 933 See more on IMDbPro » Company Credits Technical Specs Runtime: 140 min 106 min (IMAX Version) See full technical specs » Did You Know? Goofs Voices of news reporters outside of the Lovell home during the landing, are out of sync with the video (observed on the IMAX version). See more » Quotes Marilyn Lovell: I can't deal with cleaning up. Let's sell the house. Alternate Versions The film's IMAX 70mm release presented the film open-matte, at an aspect ratio of 1. 66:1, meaning there was more picture information visible in the top and bottom of the frame than in normal theaters, during its initial run and on earlier home video releases, before the 10th Anniversary DVD. See more » Soundtracks Groovin' Written by Felix Cavaliere, Edward Brigati (as Eddie Brigati) Performed by The Rascals Courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp. by arrangement with Warner Special Products See more » Frequently Asked Questions See more ».

Ce 91%cf 80%cf 8c ce bb ce bb cf 89%ce bd 13 2. Απόλλων 13 mai. Ce 91%cf 80%cf 8c ce bb ce bb cf 89%ce bd 13 2017. We need more flight directors like Gene. Απολλων 13 ταινια υποθεση. The camera travel through the wiring and ductwork always freaked me out. Απόλλων 13 février. Απόλλων 13 avril. Ce 91%cf 80%cf 8c ce bb ce bb cf 89%ce bd 13 2016. Ce 91%cf 80%cf 8c ce bb ce bb cf 89%ce bd 13 pro. Πορφυριος απολλων 13. It was july 20 1969. When lovell came in with champagne it was dark. It would have been light in Houston.

This movie is so weird. I'm 75 minutes in and still don't know what's happening.

Amazing videos! thx for the upload

43:10 It think it was your best work. Ron Howard's best film is by far 'Willow... The engine 5. Interesting fact: Jim Lovell went all the way to the moon twice but never got to land there. Must have ate at him fierce. Απόλλων 13. No 3001 a laced odyssey.


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Columnist: The Redfox

Resume: I'm an italian guy who spends way too much time on the internet and i love movies, tv series and videogames. Currently trying to write a fantasy novel.

year 2017. genres Thriller. Score 113 Votes. directed by Brock Manwill. Tomatometers 5 of 10 Stars. actor Max Lesser. Lore free full episode. Lore full movie free. Lore free full episodes. Lore free full version. Folklore is our legacy. We humans have carried it with us everywhere we’ve gone in the world, and it anchors us to our roots and our community. But it also does something else: it gives us a place to hide our fear, to put it on a leash and control it. And there’s one story in particular that does that better than most. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Michelle Muto and music by Chad Lawson. Squarespace: If you're passionate about it, show it off. Build your own powerful, professional website, with free hosting, zero patches or upgrades, and 24/7 award-winning customer support Build your free trial website today at, and when you make your first purchase, use offer code LORE to save 10%. SimpliSafe: Secure your home with 24/7 professional monitoring for just $15 a month. Visit today, and you’ll get FREE shipping and a 60-day risk free trial. ZipRecruiter: Post your job opening to over 100 job sites with a single click, and discover for yourself why ZipRecruiter is used by businesses of all sizes to find the most qualified job candidates with immediate results. Visit today to get start posting jobs for free. Folklore is our legacy. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Carl Nellis and music by Chad Lawson. Policygenius: We’ll always get the future wrong, so you better get life insurance right. Policygenius makes finding the right life insurance a breeze, and could save $1500 or more per year. Find your best price and apply online at. The Great Courses Plus: Hundreds of topics taught by professors and experts, all in one enormous video library. Listen or watch on your computer or mobile device. Visit today to start your special FREE MONTH of unlimited access to their full lecture library—and don't miss my newest recommendation: A Historian Goes to the Movies: Ancient Rome. Print your own postage and shipping labels from your home or office. Start your 4-week trial today, which includes free postage, a digital scale, and zero commitment. Just visit, click on the microphone in the top-right of the homepage, and type LORE. We like it when things go according to plan. Even when it comes to death, we long to have some semblance of control over our path. So when those best-laid plans are disrupted by the unexpected, it’s only natural to assume the worst. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Taylor Hagerdorn, and music by Chad Lawson. Harry’s: You deserve a great shave at a fair price. Get your free starter kit delivered straight to your door, which includes a weighted razor handle, moisturizing shave cream, a precision-engineered 5-blade cartridge, and a handy travel cover. Visit to get yours today. Build your own powerful, professional website, with free hosting, zero patches or upgrades, and 24/7 award-winning customer support Build your free trial website today at, and when you make your first purchase, use offer code LORE to save 10%. There’s nothing more certain in life than death. No matter how rewarding or challenging our days on this planet might be, for as long as humans have been around, we’ve viewed death as something akin to slumber, however natural or untimely it might be. But not all that sleep are left undisturbed. Just visit, click on the microphone in the top-right of the homepage, and type LORE. The human tendency to study the unknown—to dig deep and search for the bedrock of truth at the bottom of the mystery—is one of our most enduring qualities. But while that tenacity has helped scientists unlock much of our world, it has also led us to unusual ideas. And you’d be surprised what they recorded about it. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Marcet Crockett and music by Chad Lawson. HelloFresh: Save time and frustration, and get delicious, healthy, honest meals delivered straight to your door, with all the instructions and ingredients prepped and ready to go. So go today to and use code LORE10 during HelloFresh’s New Year’s sale, for 10 free meals, including free shipping. We all love a good hiding place. Whether it’s the child who tucks the key to their diary under their pillow, or the parent who hides away the holiday gifts, humans have proven themselves to be fond of secret places. But if the stories are any indication, there’s one place in England that was better than most at doing what we love. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Taylor Hagerdorn and music by Chad Lawson. Casper: Discover Casper’s new Hybrid mattress, which combines the pressure relief of their award-winning foam with durable-yet-gentle springs. Try it for 100 nights—risk-free—in your own home. Visit to get $100 toward select mattresses by using the offer code LORE. Terms and conditions apply. Wellington: The 1st issue of the Lore-inspired comic book series, Wellington, has finally arrived. You can buy issues of the comic book online, in person at your local comic book shop, or even digital copies through Comixology. Grab your copy today, and buckle up for a dark adventure! While the ocean represents opportunity and hope to a lot of people, it also holds more mystery than most of feel comfortable with. Yes, we’ve explored it in search of new lands and discoveries, but we’ve also lost so much in the process. Amazingly, though, some things that are lost occasionally return. Written, researched, and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with music by Chad Lawson. Visit today to start your special FREE MONTH of unlimited access to their full lecture library—and don't miss my newest recommendation: The Real History of Secret Societies. Audible: Audible is offering our listeners a free audiobook with a 30-day trial membership. Just browse the unmatched selection of audio programs, download a free title, and start listening—it’s that easy. To get started today, just visit or text “LORE” to 500-500. Build your own powerful, professional website, with free hosting, zero patches or upgrades, and 24/7 award-winning customer support Build your free trial website today at, and when you make your first purchase, use offer code LORE to save 10%. Before cell phones and internet access, learning about the world around us took a lot of time. Along the way, there would be gaps in our knowledge—holes that human cultures tended to fill with folklore. And while the creatures they invented to fill those gaps were amazing, it’s how close they often got to reality that makes those stories truly frightening. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Michelle Muto, and music by Chad Lawson. Bombas: Get your hands on the best socks your feet have ever experienced, and Bombas will donate a pair to a person in need. Save 20% on your first purchase when you shop at. Fracture: Fracture wants to change the way you think about printing your photos. Instead of using paper, Fracture prints directly onto glass, and your photos have never looked better. Get 15% off your first order today at, using the offer code LORE15. The longer humans stay in one place, the more progress and community we seem to create. But at the same time, we bring our darkness with us, and over time it begins to stain a place with shadows of pain and tragedy. And the older the city, the darker the mark. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Robin Miniter and music by Chad Lawson. Most of our life is spent looking for things. Companionship, security, even our lost keys. But above all of that is our search for answers, and the way human beings have tried to find them has lead to all manner of frightening situations. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Sam Alberty and music by Chad Lawson. If you flip through the pages of history long enough, you’ll eventually run into stories about life out of balance, and how something—fate or chance or something otherworldly—has stepped in to make it right. In fact, some of those stories have become a part of our modern popular culture—all despite the deadly stories at their center. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Carl Nellis and music by Chad Lawson. Some places in our world have a dark legacy. Prior failures. Shameful acts. Painful tragedy. Even though it all took place long before we arrived there, we can still feel the tremors of that darkness—and the stories about their source are deeply chilling. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Taylor Hagerdorn and music by Chad Lawson. Everyone longs for someone. That special partner who can enter their life and make is something better, something more. And while dating has taken many forms over the years, nothing is like a good, old fashioned personal ad—or the people who took advantage of them. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Michelle Muto, and music by Chad Lawson. Everyone wants to look good. And while there’s nothing wrong with beauty, sometimes people have made sacrifices—both willing and unaware—in the pursuit of it. After looking through the pages of history, though, that hasn’t always been a good thing. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Taylor Hagerdorn, and music by Chad Lawson. Home might very well be what you make it, but it’s not always about beautiful decorations and comfortable furnishings. Sometimes the places we live take on elements of our own personality. Even after we’ve moved on, those pieces remain behind, like echoes of another time—echoes that can still be felt today. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Robin Miniter and music by Chad Lawson. Human nature has a number of powerful, universal characteristics. Our need for community. Our love of storytelling. Our seemingly infinite capacity to adapt and thrive. But some of the most terrifying events in history find their root in one other: our will to survive. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research by Taylor Hagerdorn and music by Chad Lawson. Some threats to our safety and well-being are obvious and easy to spot from a mile away. Over the course of history, people have become very skilled at looking for danger and avoiding it. But some threats are more difficult to spot—and once they strike, the results can be deadly. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research assistance from Carl Nellis, and music by Chad Lawson. Human ambition has led us to some amazing achievements, and taken us to unexplored places. But it has also lured us into places where there is a lot more fear and danger than we are used to, and the stories that have grown out of that world have left the world a richer—and more frightening—place. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research assistance from Sam Alberty, and music by Chad Lawson. Some stories have been around for a very long time, and others are fairly new. One thing is certain, though: the tales we tell have a way of changing over time. But that doesn’t make them any less powerful—or any less frightening. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research assistance from Taylor Hagerdorn, and music by Chad Lawson. Some people have a fire inside them that drives them to do great things. New discoveries, breakthrough inventions, or astonishing accomplishments. But some have harnessed that passion for something darker, and they’re actions have left a painful mark on history. Written and produced by Aaron Mahnke, with research assistance from Marcet Crockett, and music by Chad Lawson.

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Lore free full fight. Lore free full version. Lore free full form. Lore free full moon. In the past three decades, a body of research on issues related to multilingual scholars writing for publication has emerged, paralleling the rise of pressures on scholars around the world to publish their work in high-status journals, especially those included in particular journal citation indexes; these indexes typically privilege the use of English. Researchers have investigated multilingual scholars’ experiences and perspectives, the social contexts of their work, policies on research publishing, aspects of the texts produced by multilingual scholars, the kinds of people scholars interact with while working to publish their research, their collaborations and networks, and pedagogical initiatives to support their publishing efforts. Nevertheless, as ongoing research is conducted, the existing research base has not always been consulted in meaningful ways. In this paper, we draw on the notion of ‘lore’ to identify some of the preconceptions or received wisdom about multilingual scholars and their writing that seem to be circulating, then argue for researchers to move beyond the ‘lore’ and make greater use of both findings from empirical research and related theoretical and methodological conversations. We identify directions for future research to be conducted. View Full-Text This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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  1. Writer - Julia Otero
  2. Biography: Lingüista. Becaria doctoral en CITRA (UMET-CONICET). Hago Lectura Fácil en @lengua_franca. Hablo cosas de terror en @horadelmiedo.

runtime: 1 H 39 Minutes
Liked it: 904 Votes
director: Alistair Banks Griffin
The Wolf Hour is a movie starring Jennifer Ehle, Naomi Watts, and Emory Cohen. June was once a known counter-culture figure, but that was a decade ago. She now lives alone in her South Bronx apartment, having all but cut herself off
Country: USA
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Muchas gracias por subirla con esta imagen hd y audio original! Exelente pelicula me remonto a mi Infanta a, recuerdo q la vi el familia allá por el 90 o 91! Gracias. The Wolf Hour Free streams. También creo recordar que la vi de niño, en los 80. No debemos confiar en las autoridades, esa es la lección que enseña este film. 🙌🙌🙌🙌🙌🙌🙌🙌🙌. Like si lo estas viendo en 2019 la madre esta loca me traumo la muñeca y arruino mi infancia no voy a dormir esta noche. Tal vez sea rechasada por que se pone buena casi x la mitad. felivitaciones por compartir este agradafble momento viendo la paly. The wolf hour free stream reddit. Me encanta. The Wolf Hour Free. Buenísima película 😱😳 la recomiendo 👍👍👍.

Ya sabemos que Beck si sobrevivio al final de Joe, aunque al final no le quedara mucho xD. The Wolf Hour Free stream new. Paul, q vamos a hacer? Perder el culo rajando, le contestaria yo. Lo descargue La hora de tu muerte me dice q en 1 año:v. The Wolf Hour Free stream online. Bueno, aquí esta la Evidencia de la Conspiración y el Ocultismo por parte del Estado cuando algo se sale de las manos, así hacen con todas las cosas y personas que Descubren algo fuera de lo normal y que No puede Entender, como en los casos de los Ovnis. Hubo muchos casos de Vacas Mutiladas donde le han quitado toda la Sangre, exactamente como en el caso de la Película. ¿ Acaso hay un Vampiro Chupando la Sangre del Ganado, y llevándose sus Genitales y otros órganos., o hay algo ahí afuera que los Gobiernos están Tapando, y que muchos no se atreven a mencionar por miedo al ridículo. 👽😀👽.

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The Wolf Hour Free streaming sur internet. Tengo miedo :v. Me recuerda a la de verdad o reto. The Wolf Hour Free stream new albums. Pinche King, estas re pinche rico. Dame un cora 😘. Tampoco lo que diga Julito alimaña con el mazo dando el dueño del cartel de los Soles el sicario número 1 el chapo Guzmán el Pablo Escobar de Colombia se cree El puede matar y hacer lo que le da la gana este viejito va a pagar Caro. La cagas usando loquendo para narrar terror. muy mal video 🖓🖓🖓🖓🖓🖓🖓🖓🖓👊👊👊👊.

Esta buenos los relatos. The Wolf Hour Free streaming. The Wolf Hour Free stream.nbcolympics. The wolf hour free streaming. Misma historia, solo que con escenarios contemporáneos. 🤷‍♂️. La vampira negra cuando se convertia era un re tipo y la otra es la primera vampiresa visca de la historia un ojo le chinga jajaja.

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A Family Man A Family Man 2016 IMDb 6. 9 108 min A headhunter whose life revolves around closing deals in a a survival-of-the-fittest boiler room, battles his top rival for control of their job placement company -- his dream of owning the company clashing with the needs of his family. Curse of the Crimson Altar Curse of the Crimson Altar 1968 IMDb 5. 5 98 min Robert Manning begins a investigation into his missing brother. He comes to the house his brother was the last heard from. The owner of this house is welcoming him, but he doesn’t know many uncanny things are coming up. Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me 1999 IMDb 6. 6 95 min The Empty Hands The Empty Hands 2018 IMDb 6. 5 87 min Half Japanese Hong Kong girl Mari Hirakawa who succeeds dojo after tragic death of her Karate master and father encounters ex-karate student, ex-yakuza Chan Keung who also succeeds the half of her father's karate dojo. Mission Impossible Mission Impossible 1996 IMDb 7. 1 110 min After being framed for the murders of his entire IMF team and falsely branded a traitor, secret agent Ethan Hunt embarks on a daring scheme to clear his name by discovering and exposing the real spy without the help of his organization. Hondros Hondros 2017 IMDb 8. 3 90 min HONDROS follows the life and career of famous war photographer Chris Hondros by exploring the poignant and often surprising stories behind this award-winning photojournalist's best-known... Standoff Standoff 2016 IMDb 6. 8 90 min Standoff follows Carter, a troubled veteran who gets a chance at redemption by protecting a 12 year-old girl, who takes shelter in Carter's farmhouse after witnessing a murder, from sadistic assassin Sade and avenge the murder of her family. Corbin Nash Corbin Nash 2018 IMDb 6. 8 94 min A rogue police detective in search of his parents killer is murdered and reborn the ultimate killer. The Better Half The Better Half 2017 IMDb 5. 2 93 min A mother dies unexpectedly leaving her soul split, one-half redeemable and the other in need of redemption. Hellcat's Revenge II: Deadman's Hand Hellcat's Revenge II: Deadman's Hand 2019 IMDb 4. 6 82 min Tough and sexy "Hellcat" club member Kat (Lisa Neeld) gets framed for a crime she didn't commit and sent to a gruesome women's prison ruled by a maniacal warden (Patricia Culliton). She... Epic Movie Epic Movie 2007 IMDb 2. 3 86 min A comedic satire of such popular box-office hits as Pirates of the Caribbean, Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and the Wardrobe, Harry Potter, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, and X-Men. Altered Hours Altered Hours 2016 IMDb 6 101 min A young insomniac's black-market sleep aid sends his mind time-travelling one day into the future, where he's the suspect in the disappearance of a girl he hasn't met -- yet. Loco Love Loco Love 2017 A young man and woman fall in love but are threatened to be torn apart by the tensions between their Latino and Caucasian communities in Arizona. Watch now!

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Star Wars: Episode IX - The Rise of Skywalker
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Star Wars: Episode IX - The Rise of Skywalker


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THE WALL STREET JOURNAL 1889年7月8日付創刊号の1面 種別 日刊紙 判型 ブランケット判 所有者 ニューズ・コーポレーション ダウ・ジョーンズ 編集長 ジェラルド・ベイカー 社説編集者 ポール・ジゴ 設立 1889年7月8日 (130年前) 言語 英語 、 日本語 、 中国語 など 本社所在地 ニューヨーク州 ニューヨーク市 1211 Avenue of the Americas 発行数 平日版 227万7000部 ISSN 0099-9660 ウェブサイト ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル ( 英語: The Wall Street Journal 、略称: WSJ )は、 ニューズ・コーポレーション の子会社である ダウ・ジョーンズ 社が発行する国際的な影響力を持つ日刊経済 新聞 である。 アメリカ 版、 アジア 版、 ヨーロッパ 版( 英語 )の他、 日本語 版や 中国語 版のオンライン版が発行されている。 目次 1 概要 1. 1 世界最大の経済新聞 1. 2 大きな影響力と高い評価 1. 3 記事傾向 1. 4 デジタル化 1. 5 統廃合 2 日本での発行及び配信 2. 1 印刷版 2. 2 オンライン版(日本語版) 3 記事に関するエピソード 4 脚注 4. 1 注釈 4. 2 出典 5 関連項目 6 外部リンク 概要 [ 編集] 世界最大の経済新聞 [ 編集] 1889年 7月8日 の創刊以来発行され続けており、経済新聞としてはアメリカ最大の発行部数を誇り、世界や全米各地の経済活動、 金融 に関するニュース記事を主に掲載している。新聞の名前は、 ニューヨーク市 にある経済活動の中心地「 ウォール街 」(ウォール・ストリート)に由来する。「ジャーナル(Journal)」の通称で呼ばれる。 1940年代 までは経済及び金融関連の分析記事基調の記事のみを扱ってきたが、 1950年代 以降は一般的な経済ニュースも網羅する内容へと変化させ、飛躍的に購読者数を伸ばした。 2001年 に起きた アメリカ同時多発テロ事件 では 世界貿易センタービル に隣接する本社が大きな被害を受け、多数の社員が 死亡 する事態になったが、休刊することなく発行を続けた。 現在はアメリカ版、アジア版、ヨーロッパ版がそれぞれ発行されている。長年にわたり アメリカ合衆国 内での発行部数第1位を占めており、近年では USAトゥデイ (211万部)に次ぐ第2位(208万部)であった [1] [注 1] 。しかし、昨今の新聞不況によりUSAトゥデイが部数を減らしたため、2009年ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナルが再び首位に返り咲いた [2] 。2018年の発行部数は、電子版も含めて247万部であった [3] 。また「 The Index of Economic Freedom 」という年次報告書が、「ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル」及び遺産財団の手により発刊されている。 大きな影響力と高い評価 [ 編集] アメリカのみならず世界を代表する経済紙の一つとされており、国際的に大きな影響力を持つとされる。経済、金融に関するニュースの中でも、証券市場とビジネスの動向についての分析に強いという定評がある。 世界80カ国以上、100都市以上に支局を構え、創立以来、経済史のみならず世界史に名を残すようなスクープ記事を度々載せているが、 日本 の新聞とは違い記事は全て署名記事であり、さらにニュース・ソースは一般的に信頼度が高いとされており、経済に対する影響力の大きさから、匿名の情報源は原則的に扱わない方針をとっている。創立以来 ピューリッツァー賞 を30回以上受賞している。 記事傾向 [ 編集] 社説や特集ページは典型的な 保守派 、及び 共和党 寄りの立場をとっていると言われ、経済的には、典型的な 市場原理主義 ・ 新自由主義 志向であると言われているが、創業者による編集不干渉の方針が1世紀以上貫かれており、前記者のアル・ハントは、編集部とは多少なりとも対立的な視点に立った各週コラムを書いていた上に、時には アーサー・シュレジンガー や クリストファー・ヒッチェンズ といった、より リベラル な書き手の記事が掲載されることもある。 デジタル化 [ 編集] 1996年 には経済紙としては最も早くデジタル化を果たしており、その後有料化し、デジタル版の有料化に成功した新聞の1つとして評価されている。現在は 英語 や 日本語 、 中国語 などのオンライン版も発行されている。 統廃合 [ 編集] 一時は発行されていた 韓国語 や インドネシア語 、 ドイツ語 のオンライン版は、経費削減を受けて 2014年 から 2015年 にかけて次々に廃刊され、それらの国の記者や営業担当などが解雇された。 また日本を含む各国で現地記者などの解雇が進められ、アジア版の発行の中心である香港支局は250人から100人以下に減らされた。またこのような現状に嫌気をさした大量の社員が 2016年 以降次々と会社を後にした。 さらに 2017年 には、 香港 で発行され日本や シンガポール 、 フィリピン を含む アジア 各国で発売されていた印刷版の「アジア版」の発行が廃止され、以降アジアではアメリカ版のみが発売されており、その後も経費削減を目的にした統廃合が進んでいる。 日本での発行及び配信 [ 編集] ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル 東京 支局が、 東京都 千代田区 のダウ・ジョーンズ日本支社内に置かれている。東京支局長は ピーター・ランダース 、ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル日本語版の編集長は西山誠慈である。 印刷版 [ 編集] 日本では当初、 読売新聞 と印刷、配達、販売に関して提携し、 2014年 からは 毎日新聞 に提携先を変更し、香港支局に併設されたアジア太平洋地域本部で発行される アジア 版を販売していた。なお、2017年 10月6日 以降にアジア版の発行を取りやめることを受けて、これ以降はアメリカ版を販売している [4] 。 オンライン版(日本語版) [ 編集] 2009年 12月15日に、アメリカ版やアジア版の記事を日本語に翻訳した記事と、日本語版独自の記事からなる有料の 日本語 ウェブサイト 『ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル日本語版』が開設された [5] 。 初代編集長には、 2003年 からウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル日本支局長を務めていた 小野由美子 が就任した [6] 。2014年12月より、 ロイター にて金融市場、経済政策、政治、外交などを担当していた西山誠慈が2代目の編集長に就任した。 『ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル日本語版』の有料購読者は、日本語版と併せてアメリカ版、アジア版、ヨーロッパ各版(英語)、 スペイン語 版や 中国語 版のみならず、「Barron's」や「Marketwatch」(英語版)の抜粋版なども追加料金なしで購読することができる。また、別料金で印刷版(アジア版)を定期購読することも可能である。 ウェブ版、印刷版ともにウェブサイトやモバイルサイト、 iPad 、 iPhone 、 Android など各アプリ経由で購読の契約ができ、学生向け割引などもある。また、公式 Facebook 、 Twitter 、 LINE などを通じて、無料記事を読むこともできる。 記事に関するエピソード [ 編集] 総合 エネルギー 企業の エンロン の破綻を招いた 粉飾決算 について、 2000年 9月に最初のスクープ記事を掲載し ピューリッツァー賞 を受賞した。 安倍晋三 や 麻生太郎 など、日本の 総理大臣 による寄稿も行われている。 2014年2月18日、 本田悦朗 内閣官房参与が「戦時中の話を熱く語るナショナリスト」であり、「日本が力強い経済を必要としているのは、賃金上昇と生活向上のほかに、より強力な軍隊を持って中国に対峙できるようにするため」などと語ったとするAndrew Browne記者の記事を掲載 [7] 。この記事に関して本田から「よくそんな論理を作ったなと。 アベノミクス の目的が 軍事 目的だとは絶対言っていないし、思っていない」と抗議を受けた [8] 。また、 靖国神社 参拝についてコメントしたとされる点については「 オフレコ のつもりであった」と抗議。一方、ダウジョーンズ側は「記事は正確だと確信している。」と反論し、修正は不要とした [9] [10] 。また、ダウジョーンズ側が社説として、アベノミクスが「台頭する独断的な 中国 の挑戦に応える」という点を批判しているわけではない [11] 。 脚注 [ 編集] [ ヘルプ] 注釈 [ 編集] ^ 部数は平日版、2008年10月 - 2009年3月平均 出典 [ 編集] ^ 石川幸憲 (2009年10月6日). “米国メディア危機”. 週刊エコノミスト (毎日新聞社): p. 79. ^ 半年で10%超減少、米新聞発行部数の減少が加速 ^ FORM 10-K UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION ^ 「新聞発行やめ電子版集中=米WSJがアジア欧州で」 2017年9月29日 時事通信 ^ “ 「ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル日本語版」サイトオープンのお知らせ ”. SBIホールディングス. 2009年12月15日 閲覧。 ^ 小野由美子 ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル日本語版編集長 日本語版編集長が語るWSJの読み方 第9回 ビジネスだけじゃない! -WSJ独自の文化への眼差し、平成23年12月27日閲覧 ^ Andrew Browne ' ナショナリスト本田悦朗氏がアベノミクスで目指す目標 ' ウォールストリートジャーナル日本語版 2014年2月19日. ^ アベノミクスは軍事目的!?本田参与米有力紙に反論 テレビ朝日 2014年2月20日 ^ 首相周辺発言、再び波紋 今度は本田参与 日本経済新聞 2014年2月20日 ^ 本田参与「発言趣旨違う」と反論 米紙記事に 共同通信 2014年2月20日 [ リンク切れ] ^ 【社説】安倍首相の「第3の矢」 WSJ 2013年5月17日 関連項目 [ 編集] 日本外国特派員協会 外部リンク [ 編集] ウィキメディア・コモンズには、 ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル に関連するカテゴリがあります。 The Wall Street Journal (英語) ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル日本版 (日本語) ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル日本版 (@wsjjapan) - Twitter (日本語) WSJ Japan - Facebook (日本語) WSJ日本版 (wsjjp) - Instagram (日本語) 表 話 編 歴 証券取引所 ( 金融商品取引所 の一業態) 日本(現行) 東京 1 名古屋 福岡 札幌 日本(廃止・戦後) 神戸 広島 新潟 京都 ジャスダック(旧) 大阪 1 3 日本(廃止・戦中) 営団組織日本証券取引所(戦時下) 日本(廃止・戦前) 東京 大阪 横浜 博多 長崎 長岡 南北アメリカ NYSE NASDAQ AMEX トロント BMV サンパウロ(ボベスパ) ヨーロッパ ロンドン ダブリン フランクフルト パリ スイス イタリア マドリード リスボン アムステルダム ブリュッセル オスロ OMX CEESEG ザグレブ ワルシャワ モスクワ アジア 上海 香港 深セン 韓国 台湾 インドネシア タイ シンガポール NSE ムンバイ ヤンゴン アフマダーバード パキスタン テルアビブ ドバイ イスタンブール オセアニア・アフリカ ニュージーランド オーストラリア ヨハネスブルグ 日本の本則市場以外の市場(現行) マザーズ (東京) TOKYO PRO Market (東京) ジャスダック (新)(東京 1 2 ) セントレックス (名古屋) Q-Board (福岡) アンビシャス (札幌) 日本の本則市場以外の市場(廃止) ヘラクレス (大阪) NEO (ジャスダック) 株価指数 表 話 編 歴 株価指数 日本 日経平均(225) - 東証株価指数(TOPIX) - JPX日経400 - JPX日経中小型 - 日経J1000 - ジャスダック指数 - J−Stock Index - 日経ジャスダック平均 - 東証マザーズ指数 ダウ ( 輸送 )- S&P 500 ( VIX, 100 )- ナスダック ( 100 ) トロント ( 60 )- ボベスパ STOXX 600 - ユーロSTOXX 50 FTSE 100 ( 250 )- CAC 40 ( Next20 )- DAX 30 ( MDAX60 )- SMI 20 ( SMIM30 ) - FTSE MIB 40 - AEX 25 - IBEX 35 - BEL 20 OMXS 30 - OMXC 20 - OMXH 25 - OBX 25 - ISEQ 20 ( Small ) - RTS アジア・オセアニア ハンセン 上海 ( 50 ) KOSPI 加権 SET ST SENSEX ASX 200 関連項目 時価総額加重平均型株価指数 ( 浮動株基準株価指数 ) - 株価平均型株価指数 S&Pダウ - MSCI - FTSE - STOXX Category:株価指数 - Category:株価指数のテンプレート 報道機関 日本経済新聞社 ( 日本経済新聞 ) 株式新聞 日本証券新聞 フジサンケイ ビジネスアイ テレビ東京 ( TXN) 日経CNBC ラジオNIKKEI ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル (WSJ) フィナンシャル・タイムズ (FT) トムソン・ロイター Bloomberg ストックボイス 関連法令・組織 金融商品取引法 証券会社 ( 金融商品取引業 ) 証券金融会社 証券保管振替機構 日本証券クリアリング機構 証券取引等監視委員会 SEC 日本証券業協会 証券市場 株式 債券 株価 株式市況 大発会・大納会 兜町 北浜 東証Arrows IR 適時開示 PTS 店頭有価証券 株主コミュニティ クラウドファンディング グリーンシート フェニックス ウォール街 シティ 株式公開 ( 上場・IPO ) 証券コード ティッカーシンボル EDINET TDnet 上場廃止 上場中止 再上場 テクニカル上場 バルチック海運指数(BDI指数) 四半期配当 ダークプール取引 一覧 証券取引所の一覧 証券取引所がない国の一覧 1 2013年7月16日付けの取引より、東証と大証の現物取引の市場統合により、東証によって運営 2 市場統合前までは大証によって運営 3 2014年3月24日に、東証と大証の デリバティブ 取引を統合し、それに特化した「大阪取引所」へリニューアルしており、「証券取引所」ではなくなった 表 話 編 歴 ホワイトハウス ジェイムズ・S・ブレイディ記者会見室 ( 英語版 ) 座席表 列 演台 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 NBC Wall Street Journal AFP MSNBC ブルームバーグBNA ( 英語版 ) ワシントン・イグザミナー ( 英語版 ) TRNS / ユニビジョン FOXニュース CBSラジオ ( 英語版 ) APラジオ 外国人記者席 Time Yahoo! News ( 英語版 ) ダラス・モーニングニュース CBSニュース ブルームバーグ McClatchy ( 英語版 ) Washington Times SiriusXM Salem Radio ( 英語版 ) Globe / Roll Call ( 英語版 ) AP NPR AURN ( 英語版 ) ザ・ヒル 地区記者席 Newsmax CBN ABCニュース ワシントン・ポスト ポリティコ Fox News Radio ( 英語版 ) CSM / NY Post デイリー・メール BBC / OAN ( 英語版 ) ロイター NYタイムズ シカゴ・トリビューン VOA RealClearPolitics ( 英語版 ) ハフポスト / NYデイリーニューズ BuzzFeed ( 英語版 ) / デイリー・ビースト CNN USAトゥデイ ABCラジオ ( 英語版 ) ナショナル・ジャーナル ( 英語版 ) アルジャジーラ ( 英語版 ) / PBS ウェストウッド・ワン ( 英語版 ) FT / ガーディアン ホワイトハウス記者協会 典拠管理 WorldCat Identities GND: 4185032-4 ISNI: 0000 0001 0942 0800 LCCN: n79097650 SUDOC: 115003258 VIAF: 134856480.

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Star wars episode ix - the rise of skywalker watch online free. Yeah, this didn't age well. “A cruiser brushes the tree tops” Do you not realize what “cruiser” that is. Since when does a lightsaber hook into people so they can be lifted into the air? It seems like the people that made this never watched the real Star Wars. Star wars: episode ix - the rise of skywalker online. Star wars episode ix - the rise of skywalker (2019. Star wars: episode ix - the rise of skywalker showtimes. Time flies after The last Jedi. Not like time between the force awakens and the last Jedi.
First of all I want to say thank you to Director J.J. Abrams. He did great job attracting people with his own style of sci-fi movie. Also this movie explained many mystery from previous movies. unfortunately not enough time to answer everything like "where maz got Luke's lightsaber?
But fans could see at least who is Rey. True enemy. AND HOW SHE BECOMES THE TRUE LEGENDARY JEDI.
However this is true that this movie made another confusion to many fans. "Is Anakin still chosen one"
Answer is yes and no. I think this answer make a lot of discussion in Fan's community.
Also is this title really fit with this movie?
Yes. I think so. This title really made story deeper, the balance Anakin and Luke brought to this world once, and now Rey did. Unfortunately she died once but the soul of skywalker saved her In both physically and mentally. It was the last of Skywalker's blood but they become the guardian of the force"Rey" so I think Skywalker family protected the thousand generation of Jedi's soul into her. It is what all Jedi did in the past and they will to bring balance to the force Always.

I hope duel of the fates gets played in that last fight. Star wars 3a episode ix- the rise of skywalker php. Skywalker: Battle Angel. Star wars: episode ix - the rise of skywalker torrent download. Shortest to longest MCU movie hours: Thor: The Dark World (2013. 1:52:02 The Incredible Hulk (2008. 1:52:15 Doctor Strange (2016. 1:54:58 Thor (2011. 1:54:59 Ant-Man (2015. 1:57:06 Ant-Man and The Wasp (2018. 1:58:06 Guardians of the Galaxy (2014. 2:00:50 Captain Marvel (2019. 2:03:41 Captain America: The First Avenger (2011. 2:04:09 Iron Man 2 (2010. 2:04:34 Iron Man (2008. 2:05:59 Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019. 2:09:23 Thor: Ragnarok (2017. 2:10:30 Iron Man 3 (2013. 2:10:31 Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017. 2:13:28 Black Panther (2018. 2:14:32 Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017. 2:15:45 Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014. 2:15:52 Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015. 2:21:18 The Avengers (2012. 2:22:56 Captain America: Civil War (2016. 2:27:41 Avengers: Infinity War (2018. 2:29:20 Avengers: Endgame (2019. 3:01:10.

I hope the plot armor is strong with kylo. Damn. just droppin a comment. Star wars episode ix - the rise of skywalker review. Star wars: episode ix - the rise of skywalker characters. This is all Rian Johnson's fault for thinking he owned the story instead of making something that aligned with what came before it. Retcon that shit and I'll be happy. Star wars episode ix - the rise of skywalker online.

Hier to the Empire died for this

Star wars episode ix - the rise of skywalker (2019) sdcc trailer. Star wars 3a episode ix- the rise of skywalker karaoke. They may be on Endor. In RotJ, they were on the FOREST MOON of Endor.

Rogue One has been the only good movie from Disney

Who else was surprised Lando didnt die in this one? 🙋🏾‍♂️🙋🏾‍♂️. Star wars episode ix - the rise of skywalker online free. Star wars: episode ix - the rise of skywalker showtimes showtimes. Alongside Avengers: Infinity War, this movie is the most ambitions film I have seen in my life. The credits alone have over a thousand people. Beautiful, Brilliant Movie! 10/10 Also: Wasn't CA's shield broken in half by Thanos? Don't tell me that Vibranium can be easily sourced and remolded into a shield that easily.

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Star wars 3a episode ix- the rise of skywalker og. Star wars: episode ix - the rise of skywalker movie. Star wars: episode ix - the rise of skywalker wikipedia. Its Jar Jar guys dont be fooled. YouTube. Star wars episode ix - the rise of skywalker spoilers. Star wars: episode ix - the rise of skywalker cast. 3:41 como has sabido que he llorado con el tráiler. v. Star wars episode ix - the rise of skywalker soundtrack. I have tickets at 6pm the night before. Something went wrong, but don’t fret — let’s give it another shot. Star wars episode ix - the rise of skywalker budget. Star wars episode ix - the rise of skywalker box office. 1:18 go go power rangers.

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I hate trailers nowadays. I feel like I just watched the entire movie

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Abstract - When Cecilia's abusive ex takes his own life and leaves her his fortune, she suspects his death was a hoax. As a series of coincidences turn lethal, Cecilia works to prove that she is being hunted by someone nobody can see directed by - Leigh Whannell genres - Sci-Fi Actor - Michael Dorman. Watch Stream NÃkymÃtÃn mis en avant par film. Ei tost paska puheest saa mitää selvää... Watch Stream NÃkymÃtÃn miss france. Suomen kielessä on onneksi jo valmiiksi sukupuolineutraali pronomini hän, joten englannin tapaisia he/she/they erittelyjä ei tarvita. Ongelma ei ole mielestäni kielititeellinen, vaan sosiaalinen joidenkin ahdasmielisesti ajattelevien kieltäytyessä tunnustamasta yksilön vapautta määritellä oma sukupuolinen ilmaisunsa. Sitä minä en vain ymmärrä, että miten tämä olisi keneltäkään toiselta pois? 🤔.

Samoilla linjoilla sun kanssa. Watch stream näkymätön miesha tate.


Nauroin ihan vaa siks et tää on niin vitun paska ;D. Watch Stream Näkymätön mies van. 0:20 mitä toi toine tekee👍. @Mrkuminpala kyllähän tämä on... levyltä löytyy myös. Salaliittoteoria. Täys shit tää video. Pelaa Geometry Dash nimistä peliä haluun nähä kuin surkee oot siin :D. Watch Stream Näkymätön mieszkania. Watch Stream NÃkymÃtÃn mis en avant. Watch Stream NÃkymÃtÃn mise en œuvre. Watch Stream NÃkymÃtÃn mise en place. Sun kommenttias tarvittiin niin maan perkeleesti että haluan vaan kiittää.

Se tarkoittaa että nimi on väärä. Watch Stream NÃkymÃtÃn mise à jour.

Hyvä video! Koukuttavaa kattoo näit 5/5

Hyvä video, niiku aina. Ite ehk ooti et olts puhuttu sukupuoli identiteeteist enemmä. Niin paska et repesin xD. Maailmassa on 22 sukupuolta ja. Ni. Eli kun asia on näin niin se on näin ja siitä ei keskustella. Hehhehee. Vittu mitä paskaa. Watch Stream NÃkymÃtÃn mies van der. En tiiä löytykö sitä vastausta, mut hyvö video!😅. YouTube. Taustalla vilisee siittiöitä. Watch Stream Näkymätön mieszkanie. Nyt oli asiallinen video! Erittäin arka aihe niin monille tällä hetkellä, mutta on silti todella tärkeää puhua tästä aiheesta. Ihmisten pitäis alkaa heräilemään tähän todellisuuteen ja ymmärtää että biologisella sukupuolella ja sillä mitä tuntee olevansa ei ole sama asia.

Watch Stream Näkymätön mies van der. Watch Stream NÃkymÃtÃn mies van. Perseestä. Watch Stream Näkymätön mies. Watch Stream Näkymätön mieszkaniowa. Täyttä paskaa tää biisi mut steen 1 on muute hyvä. Watch Stream Näkymätön mięsnego. Täähä perustuu siihe ku se jätkä jysäytti sen myyrmanni ostarin pommin. Nuoriso voi nykyää aika pahoin, sitte ihmetellää ku joku vähä ammuskelee tai pamauttelee pommeja. Täs valtios ois sen verra fixaamist eriasois et jos kaiken tän vääryyden korjais vois mennä vähä enemmiki aikaa.

Siis universumin paskin video

TYTÖT ON TYTTÖJÄ, POJAT ON POIKIA... Täähä o iha vitun hyvä! DD.




‹eng sub› Full Movie Doctor Who

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Columnist: UNIT HQ
Resume: Doctor Who Stuff.

Runtime 45 min. Christopher Eccleston became the ninth actor to take on the role of the time-travelling title character in the BBC's latest incarnation (the first in sixteen years) of its venerable science fiction franchise, airing in the U.S. for the first time after becoming an unexpected hit in Britain last year (2005). Release date 2005. Writed by Sydney Newman. Genres Drama. Doctor who on demand.

Oh and by the way, I was picked on when I was in school, but ya know what? I'm from a generation that sucked it up and got over it! And surprise surprise, here I am, 45 years old and I turned out just fine. Doctor who wiki. The Doctor vs Rajang xD.

The actor playing Van Gogh really nailed it

Doctor who tesla. Doctor who christmas special 2020. Doctor who seasons. Doctor who review. Doctor who family. You should always waste time when you don't have any. Me, the night before and at the AP exams. I keep hearing the subscribe segment before a speech ends.

Doctor who the day of the doctor

Doctor who cast. Although I didnt really like the rings of akhaten too much, that speech brings me chills and tears. Remember the two-parter with the Ganger where that one woman had a brain tumor? Yes. Remember the Doctor giving her a serum or something that fixed her right up? Yes. Remember the part where he just walked away and ignored her concerns because he's 'socially awkward' No, me neither. That was a random guest character too. Pretty sure every version of the Doctor, before now, would've moved heaven and Earth to make sure that his fear never happened or, at least, would've said SOMETHING. ANYTHING. BTW, love you woman voice, it reminds me of the female characters from Monthy Python.

I have never been a fan of the 'Dr Who' series, but I peek in on it to see the new Doctors and their travel companions. Jodie Whittaker is very good as the Doctor. Her personification of the character is as intriguing as any I have ever seen and better than most. I do have a problem with her travel companions. The past few productions of 'Dr Who' seemed to be following a trend toward pretty female starlets-to-be as travel companion characters. Starting with Billie Piper and continuing with Freema Agyeman, Karen Gillian and Jenna Coleman, I have found the travel companions equally as entertaining to see as the Doctor. This series seemed to have abandoned that trend in favor of a team of character actors. I have no problem with the actors or their performances, but I would have gone with a young, butch, muscle bound, gung-ho, mildly dense, pretty-boy, starlet-to-be to continue that trend in reverse. What's good for the goose is good for the gander. I am sure I would have found that teaming much more amusing. But that's just me.

Doctor Who is the best show ever made. It takes you on many adventures all from the comfort of your own home. But it takes you away from boring life as it's so excited and magical. Not to mention that it is also very funny, with comical lines and people. For anyone that hasn't seen it before then, you definitely need to give it a go. Hopefully you will be hooked like I was and I still am. There is no other program like it anywhere and that is why after 53 it is still going strong. Nothing else has a madman in a box flying around all of time and space, helping lots of people along the way. However, it is also a very emotional show and will most likely make you cry a lot. I know it has made me cry lots of times. But that's part of the appeal of the show.

10th doctor: show his sonic screwdriver 11th doctor: show his upgraded sonic screwdriver that's a cute toy you have. Why do the companions stay? In every other Series the Companions develop a tangible relationship with The Doctor. I've yet to see any development and investment to explain why they stay.

Can I appoint also that the Fugitive Doctor TARDIS exterior design was not remotely the same of the First Doctor ones. The Police Box sign, the rooftop part of the structure and the lamp are absolutely not the same; but, and this is interesting, it's not similar neither to the Second and the Third Doctor TARDIS exterior: that's because the pull to open white sign on the door was black instead of the white colour. And there is another interesting thing: apart for the pull to open white sign, the design is basically the same used in 1976; and this makes no sense, because that TARDIS was in the Fourth Doctor era. I think they deliberately give us a not proper recognizable TARDIS exterior in order to not being able to insert it in a specific period of the Doctor 's past. I'm very curious of this turn...

Doctor who blog. Doctor who season 13. I love doctor who but I could never watch old episodes just because of the comparison of sci fi technology they used. Doctor who music. Doctor who episode guide. Doctor who bad wolf. Doctor of physical therapy 11021.

The Doctor really needs to stop holding back regenerations. Its not good for the TARDIS

Time and relative dimensions in time and space said Susan she even when to say there from another time all together. Doctor who opening. Doctor who 2020. Doctor Who Doctor Who title card (2018–pres. ) Genre Science fiction Drama Created by Sydney Newman C. E. Webber Donald Wilson Written by Various Starring Various Doctors (as of 2020, Jodie Whittaker) Various companions (as of 2020, Bradley Walsh, Tosin Cole, Mandip Gill) Theme music composer Ron Grainer Opening theme Doctor Who theme music Composer(s) Various composers (since 2018, Segun Akinola) Country of origin United Kingdom Original language(s) English No. of seasons 26 (1963–89) + 1 TV film (1996) No. of series 12 (2005–pres. ) No. of episodes 861 ( 97 missing) 295 stories ( 1963–89 episodes) ( 2005–pres. episodes) Production Executive producer(s) Various (as of 2018, Matt Strevens and Chris Chibnall) Camera setup Single- and multiple-camera setups [1] Running time Regular episodes: 25 minutes (1963–84, 1986–89) 45 minutes (1985, 2005–17) 50 minutes (2018–pres. ) Specials: Various: 50–90 minutes Production company(s) BBC Studios Distributor BBC Studios Release Original network BBC One (1963–pres. ) BBC HD (2007–10) BBC One HD (2010–pres. ) Picture format 405-line Black-and-white (1963–67) 625-line Black-and-white (1968–69) 625-line PAL (1970–89) 525-line NTSC (1996) 576i 16:9 DTV (2005–08) 1080pSF 16:9 HDTV (2009–17) 1080pSF 2:1 HDTV (2018–pres. ) Audio format Mono (1963–87) Stereo (1988–2008) 5. 1 Surround Sound (2009–pres. ) Original release Classic era: 23 November 1963 – 6 December 1989 Film: 12 May 1996 Revived era: 26 March 2005 – present Chronology Related shows K-9 and Company Torchwood The Sarah Jane Adventures K-9 Class External links Doctor Who at the BBC Production website Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963. The programme depicts the adventures of a Time Lord called " the Doctor ", an extraterrestrial being, to all appearances human, from the planet Gallifrey. The Doctor explores the universe in a time-travelling space ship called the TARDIS. Its exterior appears as a blue British police box, which was a common sight in Britain in 1963 when the series first aired. Accompanied by a number of companions, the Doctor combats a variety of foes while working to save civilisations and help people in need. The show is a significant part of British popular culture, [2] [3] and elsewhere it has gained a cult following. It has influenced generations of British television professionals, many of whom grew up watching the series. [4] The programme originally ran from 1963 to 1989. There was an unsuccessful attempt to revive regular production in 1996 with a backdoor pilot, in the form of a television film titled Doctor Who. The programme was relaunched in 2005, and since then has been produced in-house by BBC Wales in Cardiff. Doctor Who has also spawned numerous spin-offs, including comic books, films, novels, audio dramas, and the television series Torchwood (2006–2011), The Sarah Jane Adventures (2007–2011), K-9 (2009–2010), and Class (2016), and has been the subject of many parodies and references in popular culture. Thirteen actors have headlined the series as the Doctor. The transition from one actor to another is written into the plot of the show with the concept of regeneration into a new incarnation, a plot device in which a Time Lord "transforms" into a new body when the current one is too badly harmed to heal normally. Each actor's portrayal is unique, but all represent stages in the life of the same character, and together, they form a single lifetime with a single narrative. The time-travelling feature of the plot means that different incarnations of the Doctor occasionally meet. The Doctor is currently portrayed by Jodie Whittaker, who took on the role after Peter Capaldi 's exit in the 2017 Christmas special " Twice Upon a Time ". Premise Doctor Who follows the adventures of the title character, a rogue Time Lord from the planet Gallifrey who goes by the name " the Doctor ". The Doctor fled Gallifrey in a stolen TARDIS ("Time and Relative Dimension in Space"), a time machine that travels by materialising into and dematerialising out of the time vortex. The TARDIS has a vast interior but appears smaller on the outside, and is equipped with a "chameleon circuit" intended to make the machine take on the appearance of local objects as a disguise; due to a malfunction, the Doctor's TARDIS remains fixed as a blue British police box. Across time and space, the Doctor's many incarnations often find events that pique their curiosity and try to prevent evil forces from harming innocent people or changing history, using only ingenuity and minimal resources, such as the versatile sonic screwdriver. The Doctor rarely travels alone and often brings one or more companions to share these adventures. These companions are usually humans, owing to the Doctor's fascination with planet Earth, which also leads to frequent collaborations with the international military task force UNIT when the Earth is threatened. The Doctor is centuries old and, as a Time Lord, has the ability to regenerate in case of mortal damage to the body, taking on a new appearance and personality. The Doctor has gained numerous reoccurring enemies during their travels, including the Daleks, the Cybermen, and the Master, another renegade Time Lord. History Doctor Who first appeared on BBC TV at 17:16:20 GMT on Saturday, 23 November 1963; this was eighty seconds later than the scheduled programme time, due to the assassination of John F. Kennedy the previous day. [5] [6] It was to be a regular weekly programme, each episode 25 minutes of transmission length. Discussions and plans for the programme had been in progress for a year. The head of drama Sydney Newman was mainly responsible for developing the programme, with the first format document for the series being written by Newman along with the head of the script department (later head of serials) Donald Wilson and staff writer C. Webber. Writer Anthony Coburn, story editor David Whitaker and initial producer Verity Lambert also heavily contributed to the development of the series. [7] [note 1] The programme was originally intended to appeal to a family audience [8] as an educational programme using time travel as a means to explore scientific ideas and famous moments in history. On 31 July 1963, Whitaker commissioned Terry Nation to write a story under the title The Mutants. As originally written, the Daleks and Thals were the victims of an alien neutron bomb attack but Nation later dropped the aliens and made the Daleks the aggressors. When the script was presented to Newman and Wilson it was immediately rejected as the programme was not permitted to contain any " bug-eyed monsters ". According to producer Verity Lambert; "We didn't have a lot of choice — we only had the Dalek serial to go... We had a bit of a crisis of confidence because Donald [Wilson] was so adamant that we shouldn't make it. Had we had anything else ready we would have made that. " Nation's script became the second Doctor Who serial – The Daleks (also known as The Mutants). The serial introduced the eponymous aliens that would become the series' most popular monsters, and was responsible for the BBC's first merchandising boom. [9] The BBC drama department's serials division produced the programme for 26 seasons, broadcast on BBC 1. Falling viewing numbers, a decline in the public perception of the show and a less-prominent transmission slot saw production suspended in 1989 by Jonathan Powell, controller of BBC 1. [10] Although it was effectively cancelled with the decision not to commission a planned 27th season, which would have been broadcast in 1990, the BBC repeatedly affirmed, over several years, that the series would return. [11] While in-house production had ceased, the BBC hoped to find an independent production company to relaunch the show. Philip Segal, a British expatriate who worked for Columbia Pictures ' television arm in the United States, had approached the BBC about such a venture as early as July 1989, while the 26th season was still in production. [11] Segal's negotiations eventually led to a Doctor Who television film, broadcast on the Fox Network in 1996 as an international co-production between Fox, Universal Pictures, the BBC and BBC Worldwide. Although the film was successful in the UK (with 9. 1 million viewers), it was less so in the United States and did not lead to a series. [11] Licensed media such as novels and audio plays provided new stories, but as a television programme Doctor Who remained dormant until 2003. In September of that year, [12] BBC Television announced the in-house production of a new series after several years of attempts by BBC Worldwide to find backing for a feature film version. The executive producers of the new incarnation of the series were writer Russell T Davies and BBC Cymru Wales head of drama Julie Gardner. Doctor Who finally returned with the episode "Rose" on BBC One on 26 March 2005. [13] There have since been ten further series in 2006–2008, 2010–2015 and 2017–2018, and Christmas Day specials every year since 2005. No full series was broadcast in 2009, [14] although four additional specials starring David Tennant were made. Davies left the show in 2010 after the end of series 4 and the David Tennant specials were completed. Steven Moffat, a writer under Davies was announced as Davies' successor along with Matt Smith as the new doctor. [15] In January 2016, Moffat announced that he would step down after the 2017 finale, to be replaced by Chris Chibnall in 2018. [16] The tenth series debuted in April 2017, with a Christmas special preceding it in 2016. [17] The 2005 version of Doctor Who is a direct plot continuation of the original 1963–1989 series [note 2] and the 1996 telefilm. This is similar to the 1988 continuation of Mission Impossible, [18] but differs from most other series relaunches which have either been reboots (for example, Battlestar Galactica [19] and Bionic Woman) or set in the same universe as the original but in a different time period and with different characters (for example, Star Trek: The Next Generation and spin-offs). The programme has been sold to many other countries worldwide (see Viewership). Public consciousness It has been claimed that the transmission of the first episode was delayed by ten minutes due to extended news coverage of the assassination of US President John F. Kennedy the previous day; in fact it went out after a delay of eighty seconds. [20] The BBC believed that many viewers had missed this introduction to a new series due to the coverage of the assassination, as well as a series of power blackouts across the country, and they broadcast it again on 30 November 1963, just before episode two. [21] [22] The programme soon became a national institution in the United Kingdom, with a large following among the general viewing audience. [23] [24] Many renowned actors asked for or were offered guest-starring roles in various stories. [25] [26] [27] [28] With popularity came controversy over the show's suitability for children. Morality campaigner Mary Whitehouse repeatedly complained to the BBC in the 1970s over what she saw as the show's frightening and gory content. John Nathan-Turner produced the series during the 1980s and was heard to say that he looked forward to Whitehouse's comments, as the show's ratings would increase soon after she had made them. [29] The phrase " Hiding behind (or 'watching from behind') the sofa " entered British pop culture, signifying in humour the stereotypical early-series behaviour of children who wanted to avoid seeing frightening parts of a television programme while remaining in the room to watch the remainder of it. [30] The phrase retains this association with Doctor Who, to the point that in 1991 the Museum of the Moving Image in London named their exhibition celebrating the programme "Behind the Sofa". The electronic theme music too was perceived as eerie, novel, and frightening, at the time. A 2012 article placed this childhood juxtaposition of fear and thrill "at the center of many people's relationship with the show", [31] and a 2011 online vote at Digital Spy deemed the series the "scariest TV show of all time". [32] During Jon Pertwee 's second series as the Doctor, in the serial Terror of the Autons (1971), images of murderous plastic dolls, daffodils killing unsuspecting victims, and blank-featured policemen marked the apex of the show's ability to frighten children. [33] Other notable moments in that decade include a disembodied brain falling to the floor in The Brain of Morbius [34] and the Doctor apparently being drowned by a villain in The Deadly Assassin (both 1976). [35] The TARDIS prop used from 2010–2017. A BBC audience research survey conducted in 1972 found that, by their own definition of violence ("any act[s] which may cause physical and/or psychological injury, hurt or death to persons, animals or property, whether intentional or accidental") Doctor Who was the most violent of the drama programmes the corporation produced at the time. [36] The same report found that 3% of the surveyed audience regarded the show as "very unsuitable" for family viewing. [37] Responding to the findings of the survey in The Times newspaper, journalist Philip Howard maintained that, "to compare the violence of Dr Who, sired by a horse-laugh out of a nightmare, with the more realistic violence of other television series, where actors who look like human beings bleed paint that looks like blood, is like comparing Monopoly with the property market in London: both are fantasies, but one is meant to be taken seriously. " [36] The image of the TARDIS has become firmly linked to the show in the public's consciousness; BBC scriptwriter Anthony Coburn, who lived in the resort of Herne Bay, Kent, was one of the people who conceived the idea of a police box as a time machine. [38] In 1996, the BBC applied for a trade mark to use the TARDIS' blue police box design in merchandising associated with Doctor Who. [39] In 1998, the Metropolitan Police Authority filed an objection to the trade mark claim; but in 2002, the Patent Office ruled in favour of the BBC. [40] The programme's broad appeal attracts audiences of children and families as well as science fiction fans. [41] The 21st century revival of the programme has become the centrepiece of BBC One's Saturday schedule, and has "defined the channel". [42] Since its return, Doctor Who has consistently received high ratings, both in number of viewers and as measured by the Appreciation Index. [43] In 2007, Caitlin Moran, television reviewer for The Times, wrote that Doctor Who is "quintessential to being British". [3] Director Steven Spielberg has commented that "the world would be a poorer place without Doctor Who ". [44] On 4 August 2013, a live programme titled Doctor Who Live: The Next Doctor [45] was broadcast on BBC One, during which the actor who was going to play the Twelfth Doctor was revealed. [46] The live show was watched by an average of 6. 27 million in the UK, and was also simulcast in the United States, Canada and Australia. [47] [48] Episodes Doctor Who originally ran for 26 seasons on BBC One, from 23 November 1963 until 6 December 1989. During the original run, each weekly episode formed part of a story (or "serial") — usually of four to six parts in earlier years and three to four in later years. Some notable exceptions were: The Daleks' Master Plan, which aired twelve episodes (plus an earlier one-episode teaser, [49] " Mission to the Unknown ", featuring none of the regular cast [50]); almost an entire season of seven-episode serials (season 7); the ten-episode serial The War Games; [51] and The Trial of a Time Lord, which ran for fourteen episodes (albeit divided into three production codes and four narrative segments) during season 23. [52] Occasionally serials were loosely connected by a story-line, such as season 8 focusing on the Doctor battling a rogue Time Lord called the Master, [53] [54] season 16 's quest for the Key to Time, [55] season 18 's journey through E-Space and the theme of entropy, [56] and season 20 's Black Guardian trilogy. [57] The programme was intended to be educational and for family viewing on the early Saturday evening schedule. [58] It initially alternated stories set in the past, which taught younger audience members about history, and with those in the future or outer space, focusing on science. [58] This was also reflected in the Doctor's original companions, one of whom was a science teacher and another a history teacher. [58] However, science fiction stories came to dominate the programme, and the history-orientated episodes, which were not popular with the production team, [58] were dropped after The Highlanders (1967). While the show continued to use historical settings, they were generally used as a backdrop for science fiction tales, with one exception: Black Orchid (1982), set in 1920s England. [59] The early stories were serialised in nature, with the narrative of one story flowing into the next, and each episode having its own title, although produced as distinct stories with their own production codes. [60] Following The Gunfighters (1966), however, each serial was given its own title, and the individual parts were simply assigned episode numbers. [60] Of the programme's many writers, Robert Holmes was the most prolific, [61] while Douglas Adams became the most well known outside Doctor Who itself, due to the popularity of his Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy works. [62] [63] The serial format changed for the 2005 revival, with a series usually consisting of thirteen 45-minute, self-contained episodes (60 minutes with adverts, on overseas commercial channels), and an extended 60-minute episode broadcast on Christmas Day. This system was shortened to twelve episodes and one Christmas special following the revival's eighth series, and ten episodes from the eleventh series. Each series includes both standalone and multiple episodic stories, linked with a loose story arc that is resolved in the series finale. As in the early "classic" era, each episode, whether standalone or part of a larger story, has its own title. Occasionally, regular-series episodes will exceed the 45-minute run time; notably, the episodes " Journey's End " from 2008 and " The Eleventh Hour " from 2010 exceeded an hour in length. 861 Doctor Who instalments have been televised since 1963, ranging between 25-minute episodes (the most common format for the classic era), 45/50-minute episodes (for Resurrection of the Daleks in the 1984 series, a single season in 1985, and the most common format for the revival era since 2005), two feature-length productions (1983's The Five Doctors and the 1996 television film), twelve Christmas specials (most of 60 minutes' duration, one of 72 minutes), and four additional specials ranging from 60 to 75 minutes in 2009, 2010 and 2013. Four mini-episodes, running about eight minutes each, were also produced for the 1993, 2005 and 2007 Children in Need charity appeals, while another mini-episode was produced in 2008 for a Doctor Who -themed edition of The Proms. The 1993 2-part story, entitled Dimensions in Time, was made in collaboration with the cast of the BBC soap-opera EastEnders and was filmed partly on the EastEnders set. A two-part mini-episode was also produced for the 2011 edition of Comic Relief. Starting with the 2009 special " Planet of the Dead ", the series was filmed in 1080i for HDTV, [64] and broadcast simultaneously on BBC One and BBC HD. To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the show, a special 3D episode, " The Day of the Doctor ", was broadcast in 2013. [65] In March 2013, it was announced that Tennant and Piper would be returning, [66] and that the episode would have a limited cinematic release worldwide. [67] In April 2015, Steven Moffat confirmed that Doctor Who would run for at least another five years, extending the show until 2020. [68] In June 2017, it was announced that due to the terms of a deal between BBC Worldwide and SMG Pictures in China, the company has first right of refusal on the purchase for the Chinese market of future series of the programme until and including Series 15. [69] [70] Missing episodes Between about 1967 and 1978, large amounts of older material stored in the BBC's various video tape and film libraries were either destroyed, [note 3] wiped, or suffered from poor storage which led to severe deterioration from broadcast quality. This included many old episodes of Doctor Who, mostly stories featuring the first two Doctors: William Hartnell and Patrick Troughton. In all, 97 of 253 episodes produced during the first six years of the programme are not held in the BBC's archives (most notably seasons 3, 4, 5, from which 79 episodes are missing). In 1972, almost all episodes then made were known to exist at the BBC, [71] while by 1978 the practice of wiping tapes and destroying "spare" film copies had been brought to a stop. [72] No 1960s episodes exist on their original videotapes (all surviving prints being film transfers), though some were transferred to film for editing before transmission, and exist in their broadcast form. [73] Some episodes have been returned to the BBC from the archives of other countries who bought prints for broadcast, or by private individuals who acquired them by various means. Early colour videotape recordings made off-air by fans have also been retrieved, as well as excerpts filmed from the television screen onto 8 mm cine film and clips that were shown on other programmes. Audio versions of all of the lost episodes exist from home viewers who made tape recordings of the show. Short clips from every story with the exception of Marco Polo (1964), " Mission to the Unknown " (1965) and The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve (1966) also exist. In addition to these, there are off-screen photographs made by photographer John Cura, who was hired by various production personnel to document many of their programmes during the 1950s and 1960s, including Doctor Who. These have been used in fan reconstructions of the serials. These amateur reconstructions have been tolerated by the BBC, provided they are not sold for profit and are distributed as low-quality copies. [74] One of the most sought-after lost episodes is part four of the last William Hartnell serial, The Tenth Planet (1966), which ends with the First Doctor transforming into the Second. The only portion of this in existence, barring a few poor-quality silent 8 mm clips, is the few seconds of the regeneration scene, as it was shown on the children's magazine show Blue Peter. [75] With the approval of the BBC, efforts are now under way to restore as many of the episodes as possible from the extant material. "Official" reconstructions have also been released by the BBC on VHS, on MP3 CD-ROM, and as special features on DVD. The BBC, in conjunction with animation studio Cosgrove Hall, reconstructed the missing episodes 1 and 4 of The Invasion (1968), using remastered audio tracks and the comprehensive stage notes for the original filming, for the serial's DVD release in November 2006. The missing episodes of The Reign of Terror were animated by animation company Theta-Sigma, in collaboration with Big Finish, and became available for purchase in May 2013 through [76] Subsequent animations made in 2013 include The Tenth Planet, The Ice Warriors (1967) and The Moonbase (1967). In April 2006, Blue Peter launched a challenge to find missing Doctor Who episodes with the promise of a full-scale Dalek model as a reward. [77] In December 2011, it was announced that part 3 of Galaxy 4 (1965) and part 2 of The Underwater Menace (1967) had been returned to the BBC by a fan who had purchased them in the mid-1980s without realising that the BBC did not hold copies of them. [78] On 10 October 2013, the BBC announced that films of eleven episodes, including nine missing episodes, had been found in a Nigerian television relay station in Jos. [79] Six of the eleven films discovered were the six-part serial The Enemy of the World (1968), from which all but the third episode had been missing. [80] The remaining films were from another six-part serial, The Web of Fear (1968), and included the previously missing episodes 2, 4, 5, and 6. Episode 3 of The Web of Fear is still missing. [81] Characters The Doctor The Doctor portrayed by series leads in chronological order. Left to right from top row; William Hartnell, Patrick Troughton, Jon Pertwee, Tom Baker, Peter Davison, Colin Baker, Sylvester McCoy, Paul McGann, Christopher Eccleston, David Tennant, Matt Smith, Peter Capaldi and Jodie Whittaker. The Doctor was initially shrouded in mystery. In the programme's early days, the character was an eccentric alien traveller of great intelligence who battled injustice while exploring time and space in an unreliable time machine, the " TARDIS " (an acronym for Time and Relative Dimension in Space), which notably appears much larger on the inside than on the outside (a quality referred to as "dimensional transcendentality"). [note 4] [82] The initially irascible and slightly sinister Doctor quickly mellowed into a more compassionate figure and was eventually revealed to be a Time Lord, whose race are from the planet Gallifrey, which the Doctor fled by stealing the TARDIS. Changes of appearance Producers introduced the concept of regeneration to permit the recasting of the main character. This was prompted by the poor health of the original star, William Hartnell. The term "regeneration" was not conceived until the Doctor's third on-screen regeneration; Hartnell's Doctor merely described undergoing a "renewal", and the Second Doctor underwent a "change of appearance". [83] [84] The device has allowed for the recasting of the actor various times in the show's history, as well as the depiction of alternative Doctors either from the Doctor's relative past or future. [85] The serials The Deadly Assassin (1976) and Mawdryn Undead (1983) established that a Time Lord can only regenerate 12 times, for a total of 13 incarnations. This line became stuck in the public consciousness despite not often being repeated, and was recognised by producers of the show as a plot obstacle for when the show finally had to regenerate the Doctor a thirteenth time. [86] [87] The episode " The Time of the Doctor " (2013) depicted the Doctor acquiring a new cycle of regenerations, starting from the Twelfth Doctor, due to the Eleventh Doctor being the product of the Doctor's twelfth regeneration from his original set. [88] [89] Although the idea of casting a woman as the Doctor had been suggested by the show's writers several times, including by Newman in 1986 and Davies in 2008, until 2017, all official depictions were played by men. [90] [91] Jodie Whittaker took over the role as the Thirteenth Doctor at the end of the 2017 Christmas special, and is the first woman to be cast as the character. Whittaker had previously starred in television series such as Return to Cranford, Broadchurch alongside David Tennant ( Tenth Doctor) and the dystopian anthology Black Mirror. [92] The show introduced the Time Lords' ability to change gender on regeneration in earlier episodes, first in dialogue, then with Michelle Gomez 's version of The Master. Series lead Incarnation Tenure [note 5] William Hartnell First Doctor 1963–66 Patrick Troughton Second Doctor 1966–69 Jon Pertwee Third Doctor 1970–74 Tom Baker Fourth Doctor 1974–81 Peter Davison Fifth Doctor 1982–84 Colin Baker Sixth Doctor 1984–86 Sylvester McCoy Seventh Doctor 1987–89 Paul McGann Eighth Doctor 1996 Christopher Eccleston Ninth Doctor 2005 David Tennant Tenth Doctor 2005–10 Matt Smith Eleventh Doctor 2010–13 Peter Capaldi Twelfth Doctor 2014–17 Jodie Whittaker Thirteenth Doctor 2018–present In addition to those actors who have headlined the series, others have portrayed versions of the Doctor in guest roles. Notably, in 2013, John Hurt guest-starred as a hitherto unknown incarnation of the Doctor known as the War Doctor in the run-up to the show's 50th anniversary special " The Day of the Doctor ". [93] He is shown in mini-episode " The Night of the Doctor " retroactively inserted into the show's fictional chronology between McGann and Eccleston's Doctors, although his introduction was written so as not to disturb the established numerical naming of the Doctors. [94] Another example is from the 1986 serial The Trial of a Time Lord, where Michael Jayston portrayed the Valeyard, who is described as an amalgamation of the darker sides of the Doctor's nature, somewhere between the twelfth and final incarnation. On rare occasions, other actors have stood in for the lead. In The Five Doctors, Richard Hurndall played the First Doctor due to William Hartnell's death in 1975; 34 years later David Bradley similarly replaced Hartnell in Twice Upon a Time. In Time and the Rani, Sylvester McCoy briefly played the Sixth Doctor during the regeneration sequence, carrying on as the Seventh. For more information, see the list of actors who have played the Doctor. In other media, the Doctor has been played by various other actors, including Peter Cushing in two films. The casting of a new Doctor has often inspired debate and speculation. Common topics of focus include the Doctor's gender (prior to the casting of Whittaker, all official incarnations were male), race (all Doctors were white prior to the casting of Jo Martin in " Fugitive of the Judoon ") and age (the youngest actor to be cast is Smith at 26, and the oldest are Capaldi and Hartnell, both 55). [95] [96] [97] Meetings of different incarnations There have been instances of actors returning at later dates to reprise the role of their specific Doctor. In 1973's The Three Doctors, William Hartnell and Patrick Troughton returned alongside Jon Pertwee. For 1983's The Five Doctors, Troughton and Pertwee returned to star with Peter Davison, and Tom Baker appeared in previously unseen footage from the uncompleted Shada serial. For this episode, Richard Hurndall replaced William Hartnell. Patrick Troughton again returned in 1985's The Two Doctors with Colin Baker. In 2007, Peter Davison returned in the Children in Need short " Time Crash " alongside David Tennant. In " The Name of the Doctor " (2013), the Eleventh Doctor meets a previously unseen incarnation of himself, subsequently revealed to be the War Doctor. [93] In the following episode, " The Day of the Doctor ", David Tennant's Tenth Doctor appeared alongside Matt Smith as the Eleventh Doctor and John Hurt as the War Doctor, as well as brief footage from all of the previous actors. [98] Additionally, multiple incarnations of the Doctor have met in various audio dramas and novels based on the television show. In 2017, the First Doctor (this time portrayed by David Bradley) returned alongside Peter Capaldi in " The Doctor Falls " and " Twice Upon a Time ". Revelations about the Doctor Throughout the programme's long history, there have been revelations about the Doctor that have raised additional questions. In The Brain of Morbius (1976), it was hinted that the First Doctor might not have been the first incarnation (although the other faces depicted might have been incarnations of the Time Lord Morbius). In subsequent stories the First Doctor was depicted as the earliest incarnation of the Doctor. In Mawdryn Undead (1983), the Fifth Doctor explicitly confirmed that he was then currently in his fifth incarnation. Later that same year, during 1983's 20th Anniversary special The Five Doctors, the First Doctor enquires as to the Fifth Doctor's regeneration; when the Fifth Doctor confirms "Fourth", the First Doctor excitedly replies "Goodness me. So there are five of me now. " In 2010, the Eleventh Doctor similarly calls himself "the Eleventh" in " The Lodger ". In the 2013 episode "The Time of the Doctor, " the Eleventh Doctor clarified he was the product of the twelfth regeneration, due to a previous incarnation which he chose not to count and one other aborted regeneration. The name Eleventh is still used for this incarnation; the same episode depicts the prophesied "Fall of the Eleventh" which had been trailed throughout the series. During the Seventh Doctor's era, it was hinted that the Doctor was more than just an ordinary Time Lord. In the 1996 television film, the Eighth Doctor describes himself as being "half human". [99] The BBC's FAQ for the programme notes that "purists tend to disregard this", [100] instead focusing on his Gallifreyan heritage. The programme's first serial, An Unearthly Child, shows that the Doctor has a granddaughter, Susan Foreman. In the 1967 serial, Tomb of the Cybermen, when Victoria Waterfield doubts the Doctor can remember his family because of, "being so ancient", the Doctor says that he can when he really wants to—"The rest of the time they sleep in my mind". The 2005 series reveals that the Ninth Doctor thought he was the last surviving Time Lord, and that his home planet had been destroyed; in " The Empty Child " (2005), Dr. Constantine states that, "Before the war even began, I was a father and a grandfather. Now I am neither. " The Doctor remarks in response, "Yeah, I know the feeling. " In " Smith and Jones " (2007), when asked if he had a brother, he replied, "No, not any more. " In both " Fear Her " (2006) and " The Doctor's Daughter " (2008), he states that he had, in the past, been a father. In " The Wedding of River Song " (2011), it is implied that the Doctor's true name is a secret that must never be revealed; this is explored further in " The Name of the Doctor " (2013), when River Song speaking his name allows the Great Intelligence to enter his tomb, and in "The Time of the Doctor" (2013) where speaking his true name becomes the signal by which the Time Lords would know they can safely return to the universe. Companions The companion figure – generally a human – has been a constant feature in Doctor Who since the programme's inception in 1963. One of the roles of the companion is to be a reminder for the Doctor's "moral duty". [101] The Doctor's first companions seen on screen were his granddaughter Susan Foreman ( Carole Ann Ford) and her teachers Barbara Wright ( Jacqueline Hill) and Ian Chesterton ( William Russell). These characters were intended to act as audience surrogates, through which the audience would discover information about the Doctor who was to act as a mysterious father figure. [101] The only story from the original series in which the Doctor travels alone is The Deadly Assassin (1976). Notable companions from the earlier series included Romana ( Mary Tamm and Lalla Ward), a Time Lady; Sarah Jane Smith ( Elisabeth Sladen); and Jo Grant ( Katy Manning). Dramatically, these characters provide a figure with whom the audience can identify, and serve to further the story by requesting exposition from the Doctor and manufacturing peril for the Doctor to resolve. The Doctor regularly gains new companions and loses old ones; sometimes they return home or find new causes — or loves — on worlds they have visited. Some have died during the course of the series. Companions are usually human, or humanoid aliens. Since the 2005 revival, the Doctor generally travels with a primary female companion, who occupies a larger narrative role. Steven Moffat described the companion as the main character of the show, as the story begins anew with each companion and she undergoes more change than the Doctor. [102] [103] The primary companions of the Ninth and Tenth Doctors were Rose Tyler ( Billie Piper), Martha Jones ( Freema Agyeman), and Donna Noble ( Catherine Tate) with Mickey Smith ( Noel Clarke) and Jack Harkness ( John Barrowman) recurring as secondary companion figures. [104] The Eleventh Doctor became the first to travel with a married couple, Amy Pond ( Karen Gillan) and Rory Williams ( Arthur Darvill), whilst out-of-sync meetings with River Song ( Alex Kingston) and Clara Oswald ( Jenna Coleman) provided ongoing story arcs. The tenth series introduced Pearl Mackie as Bill Potts [105], the Doctor's first openly-gay companion. Pearl Mackie said that the increased representation for LGBTQ people is important on a mainstream show. [106] Some companions have gone on to re-appear, either in the main series or in spin-offs. Sarah Jane Smith became the central character in The Sarah Jane Adventures (2007–11) following a return to Doctor Who in 2006. Guest stars in the series included former companions Jo Grant, K9, and Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart ( Nicholas Courtney). The character of Jack Harkness also served to launch a spin-off, Torchwood, (2006–2011) in which Martha Jones also appeared. Adversaries When Sydney Newman commissioned the series, he specifically did not want to perpetuate the cliché of the " bug-eyed monster " of science fiction. [107] However, monsters were popular with audiences and so became a staple of Doctor Who almost from the beginning. With the show's 2005 revival, executive producer Russell T Davies stated his intention to reintroduce classic icons of Doctor Who. [108] The Autons with the Nestene Consciousness and Daleks returned in series 1, Cybermen in series 2, the Macra and the Master in series 3, the Sontarans and Davros in series 4, and the Time Lords including Rassilon in the 2009–10 Specials. Davies' successor, Steven Moffat, has continued the trend by reviving the Silurians in series 5, Cybermats in series 6, the Great Intelligence and the Ice Warriors in Series 7, and Zygons in the 50th Anniversary Special. [109] Since its 2005 return, the series has also introduced new recurring aliens: Slitheen (Raxacoricofallapatorians), Ood, Judoon, Weeping Angels and the Silence. Besides infrequent appearances by enemies such as the Ice Warriors, Ogrons, the Rani, and Black Guardian, three adversaries have become particularly iconic: the Daleks, the Cybermen, and the Master. Daleks A Dalek at the Doctor Who Experience, Cardiff The Dalek race, which first appeared in the show's second serial in 1963, [110] are Doctor Who ' s oldest villains. The Daleks are Kaleds from the planet Skaro, mutated by the scientist Davros and housed in mechanical armour shells for mobility. The actual creatures resemble octopuses with large, pronounced brains. Their armour shells have a single eye-stalk, a sink-plunger-like device that serves the purpose of a hand, and a directed-energy weapon. Their main weakness is their eyestalk; attacks upon them using various weapons can blind a Dalek, making it go mad. Their chief role in the series plot, as they frequently remark in their instantly recognisable metallic voices, is to "exterminate" all non-Dalek beings. They even attack the Time Lords in the Time War, as shown during the 50th Anniversary of the show. They continue to be a recurring 'monster' within the Doctor Who franchise, their most recent appearance being the 2019 episodes " Resolution ". Davros has also been a recurring figure since his debut in Genesis of the Daleks, although played by several different actors. The Daleks were created by writer Terry Nation (who intended them to be an allegory of the Nazis) [111] and BBC designer Raymond Cusick. [112] The Daleks' début in the programme's second serial, The Daleks (1963–64), made both the Daleks and Doctor Who very popular. A Dalek appeared on a postage stamp celebrating British popular culture in 1999, photographed by Lord Snowdon. In " Victory of the Daleks " a new set of Daleks were introduced that come in a range of colours; the colour denoting its role within the species. [113] Cybermen Cybermen were originally a wholly organic species of humanoids originating on Earth's twin planet Mondas that began to implant more and more artificial parts into their bodies. This led to the race becoming coldly logical and calculating cyborgs, with emotions usually only shown when naked aggression was called for. With the demise of Mondas, they acquired Telos as their new home planet. They continue to be a recurring 'monster' within the Doctor Who franchise. The 2006 series introduced a totally new variation of Cybermen. These Cybus Cybermen were created in a parallel universe by the mad inventor John Lumic; he was attempting to preserve the humans by transplanting their brains into powerful metal bodies, sending them orders using a mobile phone network and inhibiting their emotions with an electronic chip. The Master The Master is the Doctor's archenemy, a renegade Time Lord who desires to rule the universe. Conceived as " Professor Moriarty to the Doctor's Sherlock Holmes ", [114] the character first appeared in 1971. As with the Doctor, the role has been portrayed by several actors, since the Master is a Time Lord as well and able to regenerate; the first of these actors was Roger Delgado, who continued in the role until his death in 1973. The Master was briefly played by Peter Pratt and Geoffrey Beevers until Anthony Ainley took over and continued to play the character until Doctor Who's hiatus in 1989. The Master returned in the 1996 television movie of Doctor Who, and was played by American actor Eric Roberts. Following the series revival in 2005, Derek Jacobi provided the character's re-introduction in the 2007 episode " Utopia ". During that story, the role was then assumed by John Simm who returned to the role multiple times through the Tenth Doctor 's tenure. [115] As of the 2014 episode " Dark Water ", it was revealed that the Master had become a female incarnation or "Time Lady", going by the name of "Missy" (short for Mistress, the feminine equivalent of "Master"). This incarnation is played by Michelle Gomez. John Simm returned in his role as the Master in the tenth series. [116] Music Theme music The Doctor Who theme music was one of the first electronic music signature tunes for television, and after more than a half century remains one of the most easily recognised. The original theme was composed by Ron Grainer and realised by Delia Derbyshire of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop, with assistance from Dick Mills and was released as a single on Decca F 11837 in 1964. The various parts were built up using musique concrète techniques, by creating tape loops of an individually struck piano string and individual test oscillators and filters. The Derbyshire arrangement served, with minor edits, as the theme tune up to the end of season 17 (1979–80). It is regarded as a significant and innovative piece of electronic music, recorded well before the availability of commercial synthesisers or multitrack mixers. Each note was individually created by cutting, splicing, speeding up and slowing down segments of analogue tape containing recordings of a single plucked string, white noise, and the simple harmonic waveforms of test-tone oscillators, intended for calibrating equipment and rooms, not creating music. New techniques were invented to allow mixing of the music, as this was before the era of multitrack tape machines. On hearing the finished result, Grainer asked, "Jeez, Delia, did I write that? " [117] Although Grainer was willing to give Derbyshire the co-composer credit, it was against BBC policy at the time. [118] [119] A different arrangement was recorded by Peter Howell for season 18 (1980), which was in turn replaced by Dominic Glynn 's arrangement for the season-long serial The Trial of a Time Lord in season 23 (1986). Keff McCulloch provided the new arrangement for the Seventh Doctor 's era which lasted from season 24 (1987) until the series' suspension in 1989. American composer John Debney created a new arrangement of Ron Grainer 's original theme for Doctor Who in 1996. For the return of the series in 2005, Murray Gold provided a new arrangement which featured samples from the 1963 original with further elements added; in the 2005 Christmas episode " The Christmas Invasion ". A new arrangement of the theme, once again by Gold, was introduced in the 2007 Christmas special episode, " Voyage of the Damned "; Gold returned as composer for the 2010 series. [120] He was responsible for a new version of the theme which was reported to have had a hostile reception from some viewers. [121] In 2011, the theme tune charted at number 228 of radio station Classic FM's Hall of Fame, a survey of classical music tastes. A revised version of Gold's 2010 arrangement had its debut over the opening titles of the 2012 Christmas special " The Snowmen ", and a further revision of the arrangement was made for the 50th Anniversary special " The Day of the Doctor " in November 2013. [122] Versions of the "Doctor Who Theme" have also been released as pop music over the years. In the early 1970s, Jon Pertwee, who had played the Third Doctor, recorded a version of the Doctor Who theme with spoken lyrics, titled, "Who Is the Doctor". [note 6] In 1978 a disco version of the theme was released in the UK, Denmark and Australia by the group Mankind, which reached number 24 in the UK charts. In 1988 the band The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu (later known as The KLF) released the single " Doctorin' the Tardis " under the name The Timelords, which reached No. 1 in the UK and No. 2 in Australia; this version incorporated several other songs, including "Rock and Roll Part 2" by Gary Glitter (who recorded vocals for some of the CD-single remix versions of "Doctorin' the Tardis"). [123] Others who have covered or reinterpreted the theme include Orbital, [123] Pink Floyd, [123] the Australian string ensemble Fourplay, New Zealand punk band Blam Blam Blam, The Pogues, Thin Lizzy, Dub Syndicate, and the comedians Bill Bailey and Mitch Benn. Both the theme and obsessive fans were satirised on The Chaser's War on Everything. The theme tune has also appeared on many compilation CDs, and has made its way into mobile-phone ringtones. Fans have also produced and distributed their own remixes of the theme. In January 2011 the Mankind version was released as a digital download on the album Gallifrey And Beyond. On 26 June 2018, producer Chris Chibnall announced that the musical score for series 11 would be provided by Royal Birmingham Conservatoire alumnus Segun Akinola. [124] Incidental music Most of the innovative incidental music for Doctor Who has been specially commissioned from freelance composers, although in the early years some episodes also used stock music, as well as occasional excerpts from original recordings or cover versions of songs by popular music acts such as The Beatles and The Beach Boys. Since its 2005 return, the series has featured occasional use of excerpts of pop music from the 1970s to the 2000s. The incidental music for the first Doctor Who adventure, An Unearthly Child, was written by Norman Kay. Many of the stories of the William Hartnell period were scored by electronic music pioneer Tristram Cary, whose Doctor Who credits include The Daleks, Marco Polo, The Daleks' Master Plan, The Gunfighters and The Mutants. Other composers in this early period included Richard Rodney Bennett, Carey Blyton and Geoffrey Burgon. The most frequent musical contributor during the first 15 years was Dudley Simpson, who is also well known for his theme and incidental music for Blake's 7, and for his haunting theme music and score for the original 1970s version of The Tomorrow People. Simpson's first Doctor Who score was Planet of Giants (1964) and he went on to write music for many adventures of the 1960s and 1970s, including most of the stories of the Jon Pertwee/Tom Baker periods, ending with The Horns of Nimon (1979). He also made a cameo appearance in The Talons of Weng-Chiang (as a Music hall conductor). In 1980 starting with the serial The Leisure Hive the task of creating incidental music was assigned to the Radiophonic Workshop. Paddy Kingsland and Peter Howell contributed many scores in this period and other contributors included Roger Limb, Malcolm Clarke and Jonathan Gibbs. The Radiophonic Workshop was dropped after 1986's The Trial of a Time Lord series, and Keff McCulloch took over as the series' main composer until the end of its run, with Dominic Glynn and Mark Ayres also contributing scores. From the 2005 revival to the 2017 Christmas episode " Twice Upon a Time ", [125] all incidental music for the series was composed by Murray Gold and Ben Foster, and has been performed by the BBC National Orchestra of Wales from the 2005 Christmas episode " The Christmas Invasion " onwards. A concert featuring the orchestra performing music from the first two series took place on 19 November 2006 to raise money for Children in Need. David Tennant hosted the event, introducing the different sections of the concert. Murray Gold and Russell T Davies answered questions during the interval and Daleks and Cybermen appeared whilst music from their stories was played. The concert aired on BBCi on Christmas Day 2006. A Doctor Who Prom was celebrated on 27 July 2008 in the Royal Albert Hall as part of the annual BBC Proms. The BBC Philharmonic and the London Philharmonic Choir performed Murray Gold's compositions for the series, conducted by Ben Foster, as well as a selection of classics based on the theme of space and time. The event was presented by Freema Agyeman and guest-presented by various other stars of the show with numerous monsters participating in the proceedings. It also featured the specially filmed mini-episode " Music of the Spheres ", written by Russell T Davies and starring David Tennant. [126] On 26 June 2018, producer Chris Chibnall announced that the musical score for the eleventh series would be provided by Royal Birmingham Conservatoire alumnus Segun Akinola. [124] Six soundtrack releases have been released since 2005. The first featured tracks from the first two series, [127] the second and third featured music from the third and fourth series respectively. The fourth was released on 4 October 2010 as a two disc special edition and contained music from the 2008–2010 specials ( The Next Doctor to " End of Time Part 2 "). [128] [129] The soundtrack for Series 5 was released on 8 November 2010. [130] In February 2011, a soundtrack was released for the 2010 Christmas special: "A Christmas Carol", [131] and in December 2011 the soundtrack for Series 6 was released, both by Silva Screen Records. [132] In 2013, a 50th-anniversary boxed set of audio CDs was released featuring music and sound effects from Doctor Who's 50-year history. The celebration continued in 2016 with the release of Doctor Who: The 50th Anniversary Collection Four LP Box Set by New York City-based Spacelab9. The company pressed 1, 000 copies of the set on "Metallic Silver" vinyl, dubbed the "Cyberman Edition". [133] Viewership United Kingdom The image of the TARDIS is iconic in British popular culture. Premiering the day after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the first episode of Doctor Who was repeated with the second episode the following week. Doctor Who has always appeared initially on the BBC's mainstream BBC One channel, where it is regarded as a family show, drawing audiences of many millions of viewers; episodes were also repeated on BBC Three, before its transition to an online-only channel. The programme's popularity has waxed and waned over the decades, with three notable periods of high ratings. [134] The first of these was the " Dalekmania " period (circa 1964–1965), when the popularity of the Daleks regularly brought Doctor Who ratings of between 9 and 14 million, even for stories which did not feature them. [134] The second was the mid to late 1970s, when Tom Baker occasionally drew audiences of over 12 million. [134] An audience survey during the 1970s revealed that at the time 60% of the viewership were adults. [ citation needed] During the ITV network strike of 1979, viewership peaked at 16 million. [ citation needed] Figures remained respectable into the 1980s, but fell noticeably after the programme's 23rd series was postponed in 1985 and the show was off the air for 18 months. At the time of Season 19's broadcast in 1982 the show was being watched by a global audience of 98 million, 88 million in 38 foreign countries, and an average of ten million in the United Kingdom. [ citation needed] Its late 1980s performance of three to five million viewers was seen as poor at the time and was, according to the BBC Board of Control, a leading cause of the programme's 1989 suspension. Some fans considered this disingenuous, since the programme was scheduled against the soap opera Coronation Street, the most popular show at the time. [135] [136] During Tennant's run (the third notable period of high ratings), the show had consistently high viewership; with the Christmas specials regularly attracting over 10 million. [134] The BBC One broadcast of " Rose ", the first episode of the 2005 revival, drew an average audience of 10. 81 million, third highest for BBC One that week and seventh across all channels. [134] [137] [138] The current revival also garners the highest audience Appreciation Index of any drama on television. [139] International Map of countries that have or currently broadcast Doctor Who in either its current or classic incarnation (map correct as of October 2014) Doctor Who has been broadcast internationally outside of the United Kingdom since 1964, a year after the show first aired. As of 1 January 2013, the modern series has been or is currently broadcast weekly in more than 50 countries. [ citation needed] Doctor Who is one of the five top-grossing titles for BBC Worldwide, the BBC's commercial arm. [140] BBC Worldwide CEO John Smith has said that Doctor Who is one of a small number of "Superbrands" which Worldwide will promote heavily. [141] Only four episodes have ever had their premiere showings on channels other than BBC One. The 1983 20th anniversary special The Five Doctors had its début on 23 November (the actual date of the anniversary) on a number of PBS stations two days prior to its BBC One broadcast. The 1988 story Silver Nemesis was broadcast with all three episodes airing back to back on TVNZ in New Zealand in November, after the first episode had been shown in the UK but before the final two instalments had aired there. Finally, the 1996 television film premiered on 12 May 1996 on CITV in Edmonton, Canada, 15 days before the BBC One showing, and two days before it aired on Fox in the United States. [ citation needed] Oceania New Zealand was the first country outside the United Kingdom to screen Doctor Who, beginning in September 1964, and continued to screen the series for many years, including the new series from 2005. [ citation needed] In 2018, the series is aired on Fridays on TVNZ 2, and on TVNZ On Demand on the same episode as the UK. [142] In Australia, the show has had a strong fan base since its inception, having been exclusively first run by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) since January 1965. (See Doctor Who in Australia) The ABC has periodically repeated episodes; of note were the weekly screenings of all available classic episodes starting in 2003, for the show's 40th anniversary, and the weekdaily screenings of all available revived episodes in 2013 for the show's 50th anniversary. The ABC broadcasts the modern series first run on ABC1 and ABC ME, with repeats on ABC2. The ABC also provided partial funding for the 20th anniversary special The Five Doctors in 1983. [ citation needed] Americas The series also has a fan base in the United States, where it was shown in syndication from the 1970s to the 1990s, particularly on PBS stations. [143] TVOntario picked up the show in 1976 beginning with The Three Doctors and aired each series (several years late) through to series 24 in 1991. From 1979 to 1981, TVO airings were bookended by science-fiction writer Judith Merril who introduced the episode and then, after the episode concluded, tried to place it in an educational context in keeping with TVO's status as an educational channel. Its airing of The Talons of Weng-Chiang was cancelled as a result of accusations that the story was racist; the story was later broadcast in the 1990s on cable station YTV. CBC began showing the series again in 2005. The series moved to the Canadian cable channel Space in 2009. [ citation needed] For the Canadian broadcast, Christopher Eccleston recorded special video introductions for each episode (including a trivia question as part of a viewer contest) and excerpts from the Doctor Who Confidential documentary were played over the closing credits; for the broadcast of " The Christmas Invasion " on 26 December 2005, Billie Piper recorded a special video introduction. CBC began airing series two on 9 October 2006 at 20:00 E/P (20:30 in Newfoundland and Labrador), shortly after that day's CFL double header on Thanksgiving in most of the country. [ citation needed] Series three began broadcasting on CBC on 18 June 2007 followed by the second Christmas special, " The Runaway Bride " at midnight, [144] and the Sci Fi Channel began on 6 July 2007 starting with the second Christmas special at 8:00 pm E/P followed by the first episode. [145] Series four aired in the United States on the Sci Fi Channel (now known as Syfy), beginning in April 2008. [146] It aired on CBC beginning 19 September 2008, although the CBC did not air the Voyage of the Damned special. [147] The Canadian cable network Space (now known as CTV Sci-Fi Channel) broadcast "The Next Doctor" (in March 2009) and all subsequent series and specials. [148] Asia Series 1 through 3 of Doctor Who were broadcast on various NHK channels from 2006 to 2008 with Japanese subtitles. [149] Beginning in 2 August 2009, upon the launch of Disney XD in Japan, the series has been broadcast with Japanese dubbing. [150] Home media This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. ( June 2018) A wide selection of serials are available from BBC Video on DVD, on sale in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and the United States. Every fully extant serial has been released on VHS, and BBC Worldwide continues to regularly release serials on DVD. The 2005 series is also available in its entirety on UMD for the PlayStation Portable. Eight original series serials have been released on Laserdisc [151] and many have also been released on Betamax tape and Video 2000. One episode of Doctor Who ( The Infinite Quest) was released on VCD. Only the series from 2005 onwards are also available on Blu-ray, except for the 1970 story Spearhead from Space, released in July 2013 and the 1996 TV film Doctor Who released in September 2016. [152] Many early releases have been re-released as special editions, with more bonus features. [ citation needed] Adaptations and other appearances Dr. Who films There are two Dr. Who [ sic] feature films: Dr. Who and the Daleks, released in 1965 and Daleks' Invasion Earth 2150 A. D. in 1966. Both are retellings of existing television stories (specifically, the first two Dalek serials, The Daleks and The Dalek Invasion of Earth respectively) with a larger budget and alterations to the series concept. In these films, Peter Cushing plays a human scientist [153] named "Dr. Who", who travels with his granddaughter, niece and other companions in a time machine he has invented. The Cushing version of the character reappears in both comic strips and a short story, the latter attempting to reconcile the film continuity with that of the series. In addition, several planned films were proposed, including a sequel, The Chase, loosely based on the original series story, for the Cushing Doctor, plus many attempted television movie and big screen productions to revive the original Doctor Who, after the original series was cancelled. Paul McGann starred in the only television film as the eighth incarnation of the Doctor. After the film, he continued the role in audio books and was confirmed as the eighth incarnation through flashback footage and a mini episode in the 2005 revival, effectively linking the two series and the television movie. In 2011, David Yates announced that he had started work with the BBC on a Doctor Who film, a project that would take three or more years to complete. Yates indicated that the film would take a different approach to Doctor Who, [154] although then Doctor Who showrunner Steven Moffat stated later that any such film would not be a reboot of the series and a film should be made by the BBC team and star the current TV Doctor. [155] [156] Spin-offs Doctor Who has appeared on stage numerous times. In the early 1970s, Trevor Martin played the role in Doctor Who and the Daleks in the Seven Keys to Doomsday. In the late 1980s, Jon Pertwee and Colin Baker both played the Doctor at different times during the run of a play titled Doctor Who – The Ultimate Adventure. For two performances, while Pertwee was ill, David Banks (better known for playing Cybermen) played the Doctor. Other original plays have been staged as amateur productions, with other actors playing the Doctor, while Terry Nation wrote The Curse of the Daleks, a stage play mounted in the late 1960s, but without the Doctor. A pilot episode (" A Girl's Best Friend ") for a potential spinoff series, K-9 and Company, was aired in 1981 with Elisabeth Sladen reprising her role as companion Sarah Jane Smith and John Leeson as the voice of K9, but was not picked up as a regular series. Concept art for an animated Doctor Who series was produced by animation company Nelvana in the 1980s, but the series was not produced. [157] Following the success of the 2005 series produced by Russell T Davies, the BBC commissioned Davies to produce a 13-part spin-off series titled Torchwood (an anagram of "Doctor Who"), set in modern-day Cardiff and investigating alien activities and crime. The series debuted on BBC Three on 22 October 2006. [158] John Barrowman reprised his role of Jack Harkness from the 2005 series of Doctor Who. [159] Two other actresses who appeared in Doctor Who also star in the series; Eve Myles as Gwen Cooper, who also played the similarly named servant girl Gwyneth in the 2005 Doctor Who episode " The Unquiet Dead ", [160] and Naoko Mori who reprised her role as Toshiko Sato first seen in " Aliens of London ". A second series of Torchwood aired in 2008; for three episodes, the cast was joined by Freema Agyeman reprising her Doctor Who role of Martha Jones. A third series was broadcast from 6 to 10 July 2009, and consisted of a single five-part story called Children of Earth which was set largely in London. A fourth series, Torchwood: Miracle Day jointly produced by BBC Wales, BBC Worldwide and the American entertainment company Starz debuted in 2011. The series was predominantly set in the United States, though Wales remained part of the show's setting. The Sarah Jane Adventures, starring Elisabeth Sladen who reprised her role as investigative journalist Sarah Jane Smith, was developed by CBBC; a special aired on New Year's Day 2007 and a full series began on 24 September 2007. [161] A second series followed in 2008, notable for (as noted above) featuring the return of Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart. A third in 2009 featured a crossover appearance from the main show by David Tennant as the Tenth Doctor. In 2010, a further such appearance featured Matt Smith as the Eleventh Doctor alongside former companion actress Katy Manning reprising her role as Jo Grant. A final, three-story fifth series was transmitted in autumn 2011 – uncompleted due to the death of Elisabeth Sladen in early 2011. An animated serial, The Infinite Quest, aired alongside the 2007 series of Doctor Who as part of the children's television series Totally Doctor Who. The serial featured the voices of series regulars David Tennant and Freema Agyeman but is not considered part of the 2007 series. [162] A second animated serial, Dreamland, aired in six parts on the BBC Red Button service, and the official Doctor Who website in 2009. [163] Class, featuring students of Coal Hill School, was first aired on-line on BBC Three from 22 October 2016, as a series of eight 45 minute episodes, written by Patrick Ness. [164] [165] Peter Capaldi as the Twelfth Doctor appears in the show's first episode. [166] The series was picked up by BBC America on 8 January 2016 and by BBC One a day later. [167] On 7 September 2017, BBC Three controller Damian Kavanagh confirmed that the series had officially been cancelled. [168] Numerous other spin-off series have been created not by the BBC but by the respective owners of the characters and concepts. Such spin-offs include the novel and audio drama series Faction Paradox, Iris Wildthyme and Bernice Summerfield; as well as the made-for-video series P. R. O. B. ; the Australian-produced television series K-9, which aired a 26-episode first season on Disney XD; [169] and the audio spin-off Counter-Measures. [170] Aftershows When the revived series of Doctor Who was brought back, an aftershow series was created by the BBC, titled Doctor Who Confidential. There have been three aftershow series created, with the latest one titled Doctor Who: The Fan Show, which began airing from the tenth series. Each series follows behind-the-scenes footage on the making of Doctor Who through clips and interviews with the cast, production crew and other people, including those who have participated in the television series in some manner. Each episode deals with a different topic, and in most cases refers to the Doctor Who episode that preceded it. Series First aired Last aired Narrator / Presenter Doctor Who Confidential 87 26 March 2005 1 October 2011 David Tennant (2005) Simon Pegg (2005) Mark Gatiss (2005–06) Anthony Head (2006–10) Noel Clarke (2009) Alex Price (2010) Russell Tovey (2010–11) Doctor Who Extra 90 23 August 2014 5 December 2015 Matt Botten Rufus Hound Matt Lucas Charity Wakefield Doctor Who: The Fan Show 166 8 May 2015 3 August 2018 Christel Dee (main host) Luke Spillane (co-host) Doctor Who: Access All Areas 10 13 October 2018 13 December 2018 Yinka Bokinni Charity episodes In 1983, coinciding with the series' 20th anniversary, The Five Doctors was shown as part of the annual BBC Children in Need Appeal, however it was not a charity-based production, simply scheduled within the line-up of Friday 25 November 1983. This was the programme's very first co-production with Australian broadcaster ABC. [171] Featuring three of the first five Doctors, a new actor to replace the deceased William Hartnell, and unused footage to represent Tom Baker. [172] This was a full-length, 90-minute film, the longest single episode of Doctor Who produced to date (the television movie ran slightly longer on broadcast where it included commercial breaks). [173] [ citation needed] In 1993, for the franchise's 30th anniversary, another charity special, titled Dimensions in Time was produced for Children in Need, featuring all of the surviving actors who played the Doctor and a number of previous companions. It also featured a crossover with the soap opera EastEnders, the action taking place in the latter's Albert Square location and around Greenwich. The special was one of several special 3D programmes the BBC produced at the time, using a 3D system that made use of the Pulfrich effect requiring glasses with one darkened lens; the picture would look normal to those viewers who watched without the glasses. In 1999, another special, Doctor Who and the Curse of Fatal Death, was made for Comic Relief and later released on VHS. An affectionate parody of the television series, it was split into four segments, mimicking the traditional serial format, complete with cliffhangers, and running down the same corridor several times when being chased (the version released on video was split into only two episodes). In the story, the Doctor ( Rowan Atkinson) encounters both the Master ( Jonathan Pryce) and the Daleks. During the special the Doctor is forced to regenerate several times, with his subsequent incarnations played by, in order, Richard E. Grant, Jim Broadbent, Hugh Grant and Joanna Lumley. The script was written by Steven Moffat, later to be head writer and executive producer to the revived series. [174] Since the return of Doctor Who in 2005, the franchise has produced two original "mini-episodes" to support Children in Need. The first, aired in November 2005, was an untitled seven-minute scene which introduced David Tennant as the Tenth Doctor. It was followed in November 2007 by " Time Crash ", a 7-minute scene which featured the Tenth Doctor meeting the Fifth Doctor Peter Davison. A set of two mini-episodes, titled "Space" and "Time" respectively, were produced to support Comic Relief. They were aired during the Comic Relief 2011 event. [175] During 2011 Children in Need, an exclusively filmed segment showed the Doctor addressing the viewer, attempting to persuade them to purchase items of his clothing, which were going up for auction for Children in Need. The 2012 edition of CiN featured the mini-episode The Great Detective. Spoofs and cultural references Doctor Who has been satirised and spoofed on many occasions by comedians including Spike Milligan (a Dalek invades his bathroom — Milligan, naked, hurls a soap sponge at it) and Lenny Henry. Jon Culshaw frequently impersonates the Fourth Doctor in the BBC Dead Ringers series. [176] Doctor Who fandom has also been lampooned on programs such as Saturday Night Live, The Chaser's War on Everything, Mystery Science Theater 3000, Family Guy, American Dad!, Futurama, South Park, Community as Inspector Spacetime, The Simpsons and The Big Bang Theory. As part of the 50th anniversary programmes, former Fifth Doctor Peter Davison directed, wrote and co-starred in the parody The Five(ish) Doctors Reboot, which also starred two other former Doctors, Colin Baker and Sylvester McCoy, and cameo appearances from cast and crew involved in the programme, including showrunner Steven Moffat and Doctors Paul McGann, David Tennant and Matt Smith. [177] The Doctor in his fourth incarnation has been represented on several episodes of The Simpsons [178] and Matt Groening 's other animated series Futurama. [179] [180] There have also been many references to Doctor Who in popular culture and other science fiction, including Star Trek: The Next Generation (" The Neutral Zone ") [181] and Leverage. In the Channel 4 series Queer as Folk (created by later Doctor Who executive producer Russell T. Davies), the character of Vince was portrayed as an avid Doctor Who fan, with references appearing many times throughout in the form of clips from the programme. In a similar manner, the character of Oliver on Coupling (created and written by current show runner Steven Moffat) is portrayed as a Doctor Who collector and enthusiast. References to Doctor Who have also appeared in the young adult fantasy novels Brisingr [182] and High Wizardry, [183] the video game Rock Band, [184] the Adult Swim comedy show Robot Chicken, the Family Guy episodes " Blue Harvest " and " 420 ", and the game RuneScape. It has also be referenced in Destroy All Humans! 2, by civilians in the game's variation of England, [185] and multiple times throughout the Ace Attorney series. [186] Doctor Who has been a reference in several political cartoons, from a 1964 cartoon in the Daily Mail depicting Charles de Gaulle as a Dalek [187] to a 2008 edition of This Modern World by Tom Tomorrow in which the Tenth Doctor informs an incredulous character from 2003 that the Democratic Party will nominate an African-American as its presidential candidate. [188] The word "TARDIS" is an entry in the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary [189] and the iOS dictionary. Museums and exhibitions There have been various exhibitions of Doctor Who in the United Kingdom, including the now closed exhibitions at: Land's End ( Cornwall) Blackpool Llangollen Kelvingrove Museum, Glasgow Coventry Transport Museum, Coventry Centre for Life, Newcastle upon Tyne Melbourne, Australia (only international DW concert to be performed) Kensington Olympia Two, London Longleat, which ran for 30 years. [190] Cardiff (the city where the series is filmed). [191] The exhibition closed down on the 9th of September 2017 Merchandise Since its beginnings, Doctor Who has generated hundreds of products related to the show, from toys and games to collectible picture cards and postage stamps. These include board games, card games, gamebooks, computer games, roleplaying games, action figures and a pinball game. Many games have been released that feature the Daleks, including Dalek computer games. Audios The earliest Doctor Who -related audio release was a 21-minute narrated abridgement of the First Doctor television story The Chase released in 1966. Ten years later, the first original Doctor Who audio was released on LP record; Doctor Who and the Pescatons featuring the Fourth Doctor. The first commercially available audiobook was an abridged reading of the Fourth Doctor story State of Decay in 1981. In 1988, during a hiatus in the television show, Slipback, the first radio drama, was transmitted. Since 1999, Big Finish Productions has released several different series of Doctor Who audios on CD. The earliest of these featured the Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Doctors, with Paul McGann's Eight Doctor joining the line in 2001. Tom Baker's Fourth Doctor began appearing for Big Finish in 2012. Along with the main range, adventures of the First, Second and Third Doctors have been produced in both limited cast and full cast formats, as well as audiobooks. The 2013 series Destiny of the Doctor, produced as part of the series' 50th Anniversary celebrations, marked the first time Big Finish created stories (in this case audiobooks) featuring the Doctors from the revived show. Along with this, in May 2016 the Tenth Doctor, David Tennant, appeared alongside Catherine Tate in a collection of three audio adventures. In addition to these main lines, both the BBC and Big Finish have produced original audio dramas and audiobooks based on spin-off material, such as Torchwood and The Sarah Jane Adventures series. Books Doctor Who books have been published from the mid-sixties through to the present day. From 1965 to 1991 the books published were primarily novelised adaptations of broadcast episodes; beginning in 1991 an extensive line of original fiction was launched, the Virgin New Adventures and Virgin Missing Adventures. Since the relaunch of the programme in 2005, a new range of novels have been published by BBC Books. Numerous non-fiction books about the series, including guidebooks and critical studies, have also been published, and a dedicated Doctor Who Magazine with newsstand circulation has been published regularly since 1979. This is published by Panini, as is the Doctor Who Adventures magazine for younger fans. See also: List of Doctor Who novelisations List of Doctor Who anthologies (2009–present) Eighth Doctor Adventures Past Doctor Adventures New Series Adventures Video games Numerous Doctor Who video games have been created from the mid-80s through to the present day. One of the recent ones is a match-3 game released in November 2013 for iOS, Android, Amazon App Store and Facebook called Doctor Who: Legacy. It has been constantly updated since its release and features all of the Doctors as playable characters as well as over 100 companions. [192] Another video game instalment is LEGO Dimensions – in which Doctor Who is one of the many "Level Packs" in the game. At the moment, the pack contains the Twelfth Doctor (who can reincarnate into the others), K9, the TARDIS and a Victorian London adventure level area. The game and pack released in November 2015. Another recent game is called Doctor Who Infinity, which was released on Steam on 7 August 2018. [193] It was nominated for "Best Start-up" at The Independent Game Developers' Association Awards 2018. [194] [195] Chronology and canonicity Since the creation of the Doctor Who character by BBC Television in the early 1960s, a myriad of stories have been published about Doctor Who, in different media: apart from the actual television episodes that continue to be produced by the BBC, there have also been novels, comics, short stories, audio books, radio plays, interactive video games, game books, webcasts, DVD extras, and stage performances. The BBC takes no position on the canonicity of any of such stories, and producers of the show have expressed distaste for the idea of canonicity. [196] Awards The show has received recognition as one of Britain's finest television programmes, winning the 2006 British Academy Television Award for Best Drama Series and five consecutive (2005–2010) awards at the National Television Awards during Russell T Davies ' tenure as executive producer. [197] [198] In 2011, Matt Smith became the first Doctor to be nominated for a BAFTA Television Award for Best Actor and in 2016, Michelle Gomez became the first female to receive a BAFTA nomination for the series, getting a Best Supporting Actress nomination for her work as Missy. In 2013, the Peabody Awards honoured Doctor Who with an Institutional Peabody "for evolving with technology and the times like nothing else in the known television universe. " [199] The programme is listed in Guinness World Records as the longest-running science fiction television show in the world, [200] the "most successful" science fiction series of all time—based on its overall broadcast ratings, DVD and book sales, and iTunes traffic— [201] and for the largest ever simulcast of a TV drama with its 50th anniversary special. [202] During its original run, it was recognised for its imaginative stories, creative low-budget special effects, and pioneering use of electronic music (originally produced by the BBC Radiophonic Workshop). In 1975, Season 11 of the series won a Writers' Guild of Great Britain award for Best Writing in a Children's Serial. In 1996, BBC television held the "Auntie Awards" as the culmination of their "TV60" series, celebrating 60 years of BBC television broadcasting, where Doctor Who was voted as the "Best Popular Drama" the corporation had ever produced, ahead of such ratings heavyweights as EastEnders and Casualty. [203] In 2000, Doctor Who was ranked third in a list of the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes of the 20th century, produced by the British Film Institute and voted on by industry professionals. [204] In 2005, the series came first in a survey by SFX magazine of "The Greatest UK Science Fiction and Fantasy Television Series Ever". Also, in the 100 Greatest Kids' TV shows (a Channel 4 countdown in 2001), the 1963–1989 run was placed at number eight. The revived series has received recognition from critics and the public, across various awards ceremonies. It won five BAFTA TV Awards, including Best Drama Series, the highest-profile and most prestigious British television award for which the series has ever been nominated. [205] It was very popular at the BAFTA Cymru Awards, with 25 wins overall including Best Drama Series (twice), Best Screenplay/Screenwriter (thrice) and Best Actor. [206] It was also nominated for 7 Saturn Awards, winning the only Best International Series in the ceremony's history. In 2009, Doctor Who was voted the 3rd greatest show of the 2000s by Channel 4, behind Top Gear and The Apprentice. The episode " Vincent and the Doctor " was shortlisted for a Mind Award at the 2010 Mind Mental Health Media Awards for its "touching" portrayal of Vincent van Gogh. [207] It has won the Short Form of the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, the oldest science fiction/fantasy award for films and series, six times since 2006. The winning episodes were " The Empty Child "/" The Doctor Dances " (2006), " The Girl in the Fireplace " (2007), " Blink " (2008), " The Waters of Mars " (2010), " The Pandorica Opens "/" The Big Bang " (2011), and " The Doctor's Wife " (2012). [208] [209] [210] [211] The 2016 Christmas special " The Return of Doctor Mysterio " is also a finalists for the 2017 Hugo Awards. [212] Doctor Who star Matt Smith won Best Actor in the 2012 National Television awards alongside Karen Gillan who won Best Actress. Doctor Who has been nominated for over 200 awards and has won over a hundred of them. In 2004 and 2007, Doctor Who was ranked #18 and #22 on TV Guide 's Top Cult Shows Ever. [213] [214] In 2013, TV Guide ranked it as the #6 sci-fi show. [215] As a British series, the majority of its nominations and awards have been for national competitions such as the BAFTAs, but it has occasionally received nominations in mainstream American awards, most notably a nomination for "Favorite Sci-Fi Show" in the 2008 People's Choice Awards and the series has been nominated multiple times in the Spike Scream Awards, with Smith winning Best Science Fiction Actor in 2011. The Canadian Constellation Awards have also recognised the series. Scholarly views Bradshaw, Simon, Anthony Keen and Graham Sleight (eds. ) (2011) The Unsilent Library: Essays on the Russell T Davies Era of the New Doctor Who. Open access [ dead link] Chapman, James. 2013. Inside the TARDIS: The Worlds of Doctor Who, revised edition. IB Tauris. Charles, Alec. "War without End? : Utopia, the Family, and the Post-9/11 World in Russell T. Davies's" Doctor Who". " Science Fiction Studies (2008): 450-465. Fisher, R. Michael, and Barbara Bickel. "The Mystery of Dr. Who? On A Road Less Traveled in Art Education. " Journal of Social Theory in Art Education 26. 1 (2006): 28-57. Fiske, John. "Popularity and ideology: A structuralist reading of Dr. Who. " Interpreting television: Current research perspectives (1984): 165-198. McCormack, Una (2011) He’s Not the Messiah: Undermining Political and Religious Authority in New Doctor Who. In Bradshaw, S., Anthony Keen and Graham Sleight (eds), The Unsilent Library: Essays on the Russell T. Davies Era of the New Doctor Who. The Science Fiction Foundation. Orthia, Lindy A. "Antirationalist critique or fifth column of scientism? Challenges from Doctor Who to the mad scientist trope. " Public understanding of science 20. 4 (2011): 525-542. Perryman, Neil. Doctor Who and the Convergence of Media: A Case Study in Transmedia Storytelling. Convergence 14. 1 (2008): 21-39. Charles, Alec. 2011. " The crack of doom: The uncanny echoes of Steven Moffat's Doctor Who. " Science Fiction Film and Television; Vol 4, Issue 1, Spring 2011. Liverpool University Press. This analysis is framed specifically by the Freudian notion of the uncanny, and suggests that Moffat's work on Doctor Who confronts unconscious perceptions, repressed fears and death itself through storytelling techniques which attempt to connect directly with the audience by deconstructing the distance between material reality and the series's fantasy space. See also Time travel in fiction Doctor Who in Australia List of Doctor Who episodes (1963–1989) List of Doctor Who episodes (2005–present) List of Doctor Who Christmas specials List of Doctor Who universe creatures and aliens Doctor Who in popular culture Notes ^ Newman is often given sole creator credit for the series. Some reference works such as The Complete Encyclopedia of Television Programs 1947–1979 by Vincent Terrace erroneously credit Terry Nation with creating Doctor Who, because of the way his name is credited in the two Peter Cushing films. [ citation needed] Newman and Lambert's role in originating the series was recognised in the 2007 episode " Human Nature ", in which the Doctor, in disguise as a human named John Smith, gives his parents' names as Sydney and Verity. [ citation needed] ^ This is often emphasised in the accompanying making-of documentaries in the series Doctor Who Confidential, as well as in occasional flashbacks to images of earlier versions of the Doctor. ^ The tapes, based on a 405-line broadcast standard, were rendered obsolete when UK television changed to a 625-line signal in preparation for the soon-to-begin colour transmissions. ^ When it became an entry in the Oxford English Dictionary, the word "TARDIS" often came to be used to describe anything that appeared larger on the inside than its exterior implied. ^ Earlier incarnations of the Doctor have occasionally appeared with the then current incarnation in later plots. The First and Second Doctors appeared in the 1973 Third Doctor story, The Three Doctors; the First, Second, Third and Fourth appeared in the 1983 Fifth Doctor story, The Five Doctors; the Second appeared with the Sixth in the 1985 story, The Two Doctors; the Fifth appeared with the Tenth in the 2007 mini-episode, " Time Crash "; the Eighth Doctor returned in the 2013 mini-episode " The Night of the Doctor "; the Tenth appeared with the Eleventh in the 2013 episode " The Day of the Doctor "; and the First appeared with the Twelfth in the 2017 episodes " The Doctor Falls " and " Twice Upon a Time ". ^ Often mistitled "I am the Doctor" on YouTube uploads. Originally released as a 7" vinyl single, plain sleeve, December 1972 on label Purple PUR III References ^ "BBC - Doctor Who - Graeme Harper Interview". BBC. Archived from the original on 2 January 2019. Retrieved 2 January 2019. ^ "The end of Olde Englande: A lament for Blighty". The Economist. 14 September 2006. 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Retrieved 20 December 2019. ^ Howe, Stammers, Walker (1994), pp. 157–230 ("Production Diary") ^ Howe, Stammers, Walker (1992), p. 3. ^ Steve Tribe, James Goss Dr Who: The Dalek Handbook BBC Books Random House 2011 ISBN 978-1-84990-232-8 Pg9 ^ Deans, Jason (21 June 2005). "Doctor Who makes the Grade". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 February 2007. But Mr Grade was not at the helm when Doctor Who was finally retired for good in 1989 — that decision fell to the then BBC1 controller, Jonathan Powell. ^ a b c Doctor Who Magazine Eighth Doctor Special, Panini Comics 2003 ^ Gibson, Owen (26 September 2003). "Doctor Who returns to BBC1 screens". Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2012. ^ "Doctor Who is Saturday night hit". Retrieved 24 October 2013. ^ Davies, Russell T; Cook, Benjamin (2010). Doctor Who: The Writer's Tale: The Final Chapter. London: BBC Books. p. 216. ISBN 978-1-84607-861-3. ^ "Profile: Russell T Davies". 13 June 2008. 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Tabloid Bintang Indonesia, Doctor Who Pengganti Chalkzone Majalah GADIS, Kenalan Bareng Doctor Who, Ketemu Bareng 1st–11th Doctor External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Doctor Who. Official websites Doctor Who at BBC Programmes Doctor Who 50th Anniversary: Official BBC Worldwide Site Doctor Who (BBC South East Wales) at BBC Online BBC: The Changing Face of Doctor Who – many press cuttings and articles from 1963 onwards BBC America Doctor Who website SPACE Channel Doctor Who website Past official BBC websites Doctor Who Series 4 Doctor Who Series 1, 2 & 3 Doctor Who Classic Season 1 – 1996 Movie Reference websites Doctor Who on Tardis Data Core, an external wiki The Doctor Who Reference Guide – synopses of every television episode, novel, audio drama, comic strip and spin-off video based on the series Doctor Who Online Gallifrey Base BroaDWcast – Doctor Who transmissions around the World Doctor Who TV Doctor Who (1963) on IMDb Doctor Who (1996) on IMDb Doctor Who (2005) on IMDb Doctor Who at AllMovie Doctor Who (1963) at Doctor Who (2005) at Awards for Doctor Who v t e BAFTA TV Award for Best Drama Series Inspector Morse (1992) Inspector Morse (1993) Between the Lines (1994) Cracker (1995) Cracker (1996) EastEnders (1997) Jonathan Creek (1998) The Cops (1999) The Cops (2000) Clocking Off (2001) Cold Feet (2002) Spooks (2003) Buried (2004) Shameless (2005) Doctor Who (2006) The Street (2007) The Street (2008) Wallander (2009) Misfits (2010) Sherlock (2011) The Fades (2012) Last Tango in Halifax (2013) Broadchurch (2014) Happy Valley (2015) Wolf Hall (2016) Happy Valley (2017) Peaky Blinders (2018) Killing Eve (2019) v t e Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form 2000s 2003: Buffy the Vampire Slayer - " Conversations with Dead People " 2004: Gollum 's Acceptance Speech at the 2003 MTV Movie Awards 2005: Battlestar Galactica - " 33 " 2006: Doctor Who - " The Empty Child " / " The Doctor Dances " 2007: Doctor Who - " The Girl in the Fireplace " 2008: Doctor Who - " Blink " 2009: Dr. Horrible's Sing-Along Blog 2010s 2010: Doctor Who - " The Waters of Mars " 2011: Doctor Who - " The Pandorica Opens " / " The Big Bang " 2012: Doctor Who - " The Doctor's Wife " 2013: Game of Thrones - " Blackwater " 2014: Game of Thrones - " The Rains of Castamere " 2015: Orphan Black - "By Means Which Have Never Yet Been Tried" 2016: Jessica Jones - "AKA Smile" 2017: The Expanse - "Leviathan Wakes" 2018: The Good Place - "The Trolley Problem" 2019: The Good Place - "Janet(s)" v t e Nebula Award for Best Script / Ray Bradbury Award Nebula Award for Best Script Soylent Green – Stanley R. Greenberg (1973) Sleeper – Woody Allen (1974) Young Frankenstein – Mel Brooks and Gene Wilder (1975) Star Wars – George Lucas (1977) The Sixth Sense – M. Night Shyamalan (1999) Galaxy Quest – David Howard and Robert Gordon (2000) Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon – James Schamus, Kuo Jung Tsai, and Hui-Ling Wang (2001) The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Peter Jackson (2002) The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, Stephen Sinclair, and Peter Jackson (2003) The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Peter Jackson (2004) Serenity – Joss Whedon (2005) Howl's Moving Castle – Hayao Miyazaki, Cindy Davis Hewitt, and Donald H. Hewitt (2006) Pan's Labyrinth – Guillermo del Toro (2007) WALL-E – Andrew Stanton, Jim Reardon, and Pete Docter (2008) Ray Bradbury Award for Outstanding Dramatic Presentation Terminator 2: Judgment Day – James Cameron (1992) Babylon 5 – J. Michael Straczynski (1999) 2000X – Tales of the Next Millennia – Yuri Rasovsky and Harlan Ellison (2001) Joss Whedon (2008) District 9 – Neill Blomkamp and Terri Tatchell (2009) Inception – Christopher Nolan (2010) Doctor Who: " The Doctor's Wife " – Richard Clark and Neil Gaiman (2011) Beasts of the Southern Wild – Benh Zeitlin, Lucy Alibar (2012) Gravity – Alfonso Cuarón and Jonás Cuarón (2013) Guardians of the Galaxy – James Gunn and Nicole Perlman (2014) Mad Max: Fury Road – George Miller, Brendan McCarthy, and Nico Lathouris (2015) Arrival – Eric Heisserer (2016) Get Out – Jordan Peele (2017) Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse – Phil Lord and Rodney Rothman (2018) v t e Saturn Award for Best Television Presentation 1990s Alien Nation: Dark Horizon (1994) Alien Nation: Millennium (1995) Doctor Who (1996) The Shining (1997) Storm of the Century (1999) 2000s Fail Safe (2000) Jack and the Beanstalk: The Real Story (2001) Taken (2002) Battlestar Galactica (2003) Farscape: The Peacekeeper Wars (2004) Masters of Horror / The Triangle (2005) The Librarian: Return to King Solomon's Mines (2006) Family Guy: " Blue Harvest " (2007) The Librarian: Curse of the Judas Chalice (2008) Torchwood: Children of Earth (2009) The Walking Dead (2010) The Walking Dead (2011) Breaking Bad (2012) Breaking Bad (2013) Game of Thrones (2014) Doctor Who: " The Husbands of River Song " (2015) 11. 22. 63 (2016) Twin Peaks: The Return (2017).

I binge watched most of the earlier seasons and was excited for the new season. But after watching two or three episodes that were fraught with political BS I just gave up. I watched this show as an escape. Very disappointed. Doctor who theme. Doctor who song. I wonder if the writers were chosen for their 'diversity' rather than their talent. This episode was really good and i always love when Chibnall established new creatures in doctor who universe because someone can always use them and these two immortals were really interesting.

Doctor whose. Doctor who love. Who you talking to? Myself. 😂😂 These two are honestly my favourite Doctors. Doctor who the timeless children. Tbh I thought all those character developments were actually good. Doctor who season 10. The beings in this episode are survivors from the previous universe. Much like the devil. Which this is another classic Who reference this season. The whole plot just reminded me of nightmare man from SJA. I wish this was real, he suffered a lot. Doctor who game.

Dump the canon, lose the fans forever

I wonder if Ruth is the thing that Captain Jack said the Alliance sent back in time and space to defeat the Cybermen. Doctor who wallpaper. Doctor who van gogh museum scene. Doctor who logo. Doctor who ratings. Yes! I thought the exact same when I was done with the episode. AU's! Brilliant. I love doctor who. Chinballs must be stopped. He's more deadly than Davros to the Doctor. Doctor who soundtrack. Doctor who skin. Doctor who asmr. When Peter Capaldi Doctor changed to Jodi Whitakers Doctor the wedding ring fell off and that saddens me because River was married to Matt smiths doctor and then to peter, but when the ring fell off it was all over.

Ooh, lovely The doctors are like two women comparing shoes. Doctor who fanfiction ao3. Doctor who who said what. Jodie is by far the weakest why didn't they go for a strong female lead like Ruth Wilson. Doctor whole. Doctor whois. Doctor who i am the doctor. Doctor who news. Doctor who edna.